The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook

By Sally M. Miller | Go to book overview

14
The Jewish Press

ARTHUR A. GOREN

The Jewish press in America, beginning in 1843 with the appearance of the first successful periodical, the monthly Occident and American Jewish Advocate, reflected the presence of both an acculturated Jewish community and a continual flow of Jewish immigration. The foreign languages in which the periodicals appeared--German, Yiddish, and, to a lesser degree, Hebrew and Ladino-- demonstrated the diversity of cultures Jewish immigrants brought with them in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. From the 1930s to the 1980s, following the decline or demise of the older foreign-language press, new periodicals in German, and then in Yiddish, Hebrew, and Russian, responded to the needs of the most recent immigrants. However, the first journals published for any length of time were English language--Anglo-Jewish--papers which multiplied and changed as the Americanized segment of the community grew in size and complexity. Thus, from the beginning of the Jewish press, English-language periodicals nurtured an ethnic culture in English. In this respect, the Jews differed from most other ethnic groups, where the demand for information about the new country in the immigrant's native tongue and the hunger for news from the Old World provided the impetus for establishing foreign-language newspapers, and language loss coincided with the passing of the immigrant press. When language loss occurred to the Jews, most notably during the past four decades, highly acculturated second-, third-, and fourth-generation Jews produced a remarkably multifaceted ethnic press in English that had a venerable tradition. 1

Significantly, even during the middle third of the nineteenth century, when a substantial Jewish immigration from German-speaking countries changed the complexion of American Jewry (in 1880 two-thirds of the 250,000 Jews in the United States were of German origin), Anglo-Jewish periodicals outnumbered those in German and survived longer. The first German-language periodical of any longevity, the monthly Die Deborah, was founded in Cincinnati in 1855 by Isaac Mayer Wise, the leading Reform rabbi of the time, as a women's supplement to his English-language Israelite. The following year another Reform rabbi, David Einhorn of Baltimore, began publishing Sinai. Twenty-five years later,

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The Ethnic Press in the United States: A Historical Analysis and Handbook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Notes xxi
  • 1: The Arabic-Language Press 1
  • Notes 13
  • Bibliography 14
  • 2: The Carpatho-Rusyn Press 15
  • Introduction 15
  • Conclusion 23
  • Notes 23
  • Notes 26
  • 3: The Chinese-American Press 27
  • Notes 39
  • Notes 42
  • 4: The Croatian Press 45
  • Notes 56
  • Notes 58
  • 5: The Danish Press 59
  • Bibliography 69
  • 6: The Dutch Press 71
  • Notes 82
  • Notes 83
  • 7: The Filipino-American Press 85
  • Introduction 85
  • Conclusion 95
  • Notes 96
  • Notes 99
  • 8: The Finnish Press 101
  • BEBLIOGRAPHY 113
  • 9: The Franco-American Press 115
  • Bibliography 128
  • 10: The German-American Press 131
  • Bibliography 158
  • 11: The Greek Press 161
  • Notes 174
  • Bibliography 176
  • 12: The Irish-American Press 177
  • Bibliography 188
  • 13: The Japanese-American Press 191
  • Bibliography 202
  • 14: The Jewish Press 203
  • Bibliography 227
  • 15: The Latvian and Lithuanian Press 229
  • Bibliography 236
  • Notes 242
  • Bibliography 244
  • 16: The Mexican-American Press 247
  • Bibliography 260
  • 17: The Norwegian-American Press 261
  • Bibliography 273
  • 18: The Polish-American Press 275
  • Bibliography 289
  • 19: The Portuguese Press 291
  • Bibliography 302
  • 20: The Puerto Rican Press 303
  • Bibliography 314
  • 21: The Romanian Press 315
  • Bibliography 324
  • 22: The Russian Press 325
  • Bibliography 335
  • 23: The Serbian Press 337
  • Bibliography 351
  • 24: The Slovak-American Press 353
  • Bibliography 368
  • 25: The Slovene-American Press 369
  • Bibliography 377
  • 26: The Swedish Press 379
  • Bibliography 391
  • 27: The Ukrainian Press 393
  • Bibliography 407
  • About the Editor and Contributors 409
  • Index 415
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