Space, the Dormant Frontier: Changing the Paradigm for the 21st Century

By Joan Johnson-Freese; Roger Handberg | Go to book overview

rewards so the public sector still remains the last resort guarantor of success. While that guarantee is becoming less certain, it still dominates participant's expectations. Space activity occurs across a wider variety and spectrum of players then ever before, but it remains within the general contours of a publicly controlled field of endeavor.


NOTES
1.
John L. McLucas, Space Commerce ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991), 7.
2.
Edmund Beard, Developing the ICBM. A Study in Bureaucratic Politics ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1976), 70.
3.
Curtis Peebles, Guardians: Strategic Reconnaissance Satellites (Navato, CA: Presido Press, 1985), 44.
4.
Walter A. McDougall, . . . the Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age ( New York: Basic Books, 1985), 44-46.
5.
Samuel P. Huntington, The Common Defense ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1961).
6.
Ibid., 45-47.
7.
William E. Burrows, Deep Black: Space Espionage and National Security ( New York: Random House, 1986), 82-84.
8.
James R. Killian Jr., Sputnik, Scientists, and Eisenhower ( Cambridge: MIT Press, 1977), 60.
9.
McDougall, 118-123.
10.
Frank H. Winter, Rockets Into Space ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990), 86-95.
11.
Bill Gertz, "The Secret Mission of NRO," Air Force Magazine ( June 1993): 60.
12.
Earlier US aerial reconnaissance flights around the periphery of the Soviet Union began in late 1946. See Donald E. Hillman with R. Cargill Hall, "Overflight: Strategic Reconnaissance of the USSR," Air Power History (Spring 1966): 29-39.
13.
Burrows, 82-103.
14.
Presentation by Georgi Grechko, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, February 1991.
15.
The satellite eventually launched on von Braun's Jupiter C rocket was the Explorer I. Information obtained from it led to the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts.
16.
Robert A. Divine, The Sputnik Challenge: Eisenhower's Response to the Soviet Satellite ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1993), 102-122.
17.
Gertz, 60, 63.
18.
See, for example, Kevin C. Ruffner, ed. CORONA: America's First Satellite Program ( Washington, DC: CIA, 1995).
19.
Burrows, 22-25.
20.
By this it is meant that although space "firsts" were achieved, it was not always through technical advancements. For example, going from a two to a three person crew was accomplished by removing other equipment--including safety equipment--to make room for the extra seat in the capsule.
21.
Space Handbook: A Warfighter's Guide to Space, Vol. 1, AU-18 (Maxwell

-91-

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Space, the Dormant Frontier: Changing the Paradigm for the 21st Century
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgments vii
  • Acronyms ix
  • I - THE BIG PICTURE 1
  • 1 - Repackaging the Dream 3
  • Notes 29
  • 2 - Policy Overview: If You Don't Care Where You'Re Going, Any Road Will Take You There 33
  • Notes 62
  • II - THE SITUATION 67
  • 3 - Space As a Government Domain 69
  • Notes 91
  • 4 - History As Inertia 95
  • Notes 120
  • 5 - The Economics of Space, Breaking the Dependency Cycle 123
  • Notes 146
  • III - THE OPPORTUNITY 149
  • 6 - Semidesperate Times 151
  • Notes 177
  • 7 - Seeking New Opportunities 181
  • Notes 204
  • IV - The Method 209
  • 8 - Convergence: Merging the Space Technology Bases 211
  • Notes 225
  • 9 - Change the Paradigm: Incorporate Politics and Emphasize Economics 229
  • Notes 246
  • 10 - A Parallel Development Plan 249
  • Notes 264
  • Selected Bibliography 267
  • Index 271
  • About the Authors 278
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