The Labadie Collection (Lab), University of Michigan, the most complete collection of anarchist material in the United States, holds letters, manuscripts, and other documents by de Cleyre, as well as rare copies of anarchist and Free Thought publications in which she published, for example, Mother Earth, Free Society, Lucifer, Alarm, Firebrand, Open Court, Twentieth Century, Rights of Labor, Magazine of Poetry, Truth, Chicago Liberal, Boston Investigator, Truth Seeker, Liberty, Independent, and Regeneraciòn.
The Joseph Ishill Collection (Ish), Houghton Library, Harvard University, holds letters and manuscripts collected for a multivolume publication of de Cleyre's writings that was never completed. Other primary sources include:
de Voltairine Cleyre. The First Mayday: The Haymarket Speeches, 1895-1910. Ed. and intro. Paul Avrich. Orkney, N.Y., and Minneapolis: Cienfuegos Press, Libertarian Book Club, & Soil of Liberty, 1980. (FM)
Selected Works of Voltairine de Cleyre. Ed. Alexander Berkman. Biographical sketch by Hippolyte Havel. New York: Mother Earth, 1914. Only one speech is identified, but see below. (SW)
Avrich Paul. An American Anarchist: The Life of Voltairine de Cleyre. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1978.
de Voltairine Cleyre. "The Past and Future of the Ladies' Liberal League." Rebel ( October 20, 1895-January 1896). Lab.
Falk Candace. Love, Anarchy and Emma Goldman. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1984.
Marsh Margaret S. Anarchist Women, 1870-1920. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981.
Mother Earth 7 ( July 1912). Tribute issue; essays by de Cleyre, Harry Kelly, George Brown , Mary Hansen, and Alexander Berkman.
Written in Red: Selected Poems. Ed. and intro. Franklin Rosemont. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1990.
Greco Michael Douglas. "The Remembrance of the Haymarket Martyrs: A Marcusean Analysis of the Rhetoric of Voltairine de Cleyre." M.A. thesis, University of North Carolina, 1991.
Rosteck, Thomas, and Michael Leff. "Piety, Propriety, and Perspective: an Interpretation and Application of Key Terms in Kenneth Burke's Permanence and Change." Western Journal of Speech Communication 53 (Fall 1989):327-341.
Anzaldúa Gloria. "Speaking in Tongues: A Letter to Third World Women Writers." Speaking for Ourselves: Women of the South. Ed. Maxine Alexander. New York: Pantheon, 1984, pp. 225-231.