Dio of Prusa
Dio of Prusa, a city in the Roman province of Bithynia, is known to historians principally for his speeches of advice to the Greek cities and for his four major Orations on Kingsbip. He also wrote many occasional pieces with an ethical or philosophical message. In this respect he follows on naturally from Plutarch. He was in fact born at about the same time and the two had many things in common--a rich background (though Dio was probably the richer), an interest in letters and philosophy (though Plutarch's work was at a higher intellectual level overall and his output was far greater), an involvement in politics and a belief in statesmanship (here Dio was more active in the rough and tumble of real civic life), and a considered relationship with Rome.
Plutarch and Dio must have known of each other's existence, but aside from two suggestive entries in the Lamprias Catalogue of Plutarch's works, there is no mention of the one by the other.1 Perhaps this is not so surprising, if one considers key differences between them. Plutarch's self-image was that of the philosopher- scholar, a man who loved Hellas but also his own little town of Chaeroneia, someone who enjoyed serving in political life when necessary, but who preferred to leave it to others to seek glory, who thought often and deeply about god and passed his last years in prodigious scholarship and the worship of Apollo at Delphi. This was not Dio. He was an active politician in a number of cities where he held citizenship.2 His important civic speeches at Prusa____________________