Arrian and Appian
A complete contrast with Dio of Prusa is offered by his much younger contemporary Flavius Arrian of Nicomedia, who successfully combined Greek politics and literature with the exercise of Roman power. Arrian will not be discussed in detail here because in the main his several literary works do not touch on Greek perceptions of Rome. However, there are a number of key passages which are relevant to this subject and which may be examined to determine Arrian's self-perception between Greek culture and the Roman Empire. For Arrian, the first Greek senator we know of from Bithynia,1 seems to be as perfect an example as we could want of the integration of the Greek elite into the highest levels of Roman government.
The key elements of Arrian's career are as follows.2 He was born about 85-90. His praenomen, Lucius or Aulus, shows that the family was not given citizenship by the Flavians, as we would otherwise assume.3 Some time around 108 he passed through Nicopolis, perhaps on his way to Rome, and heard the philosopher Epictetus, whose lectures on personal conduct he later wrote up as the famous Discourses of Epictetus.4 His first service in Roman government was as a member of the consilium of the prominent consular C. Avidius Nigrinus (son of one of the brothers addressed in Plutarch's On Brotherly Love) during Nigrinus' correctorship in Greece around____________________