Separate but Equal Branches: Congress and the Presidency

By Charles O. Jones | Go to book overview

Introduction

The post- World War II period has witnessed remarkable developments in presidential-congressional relations. Between 1901 and 1947, it was rare for there to be split-party arrangements between the White House and Capitol Hill. Each of three cases--the 62d Congress ( 1911-13), the 66th Congress ( 1991-21), and the 72d Congress ( 1931-33)-- occurred in the last two years of an administration, presaging a party change in the White House. In two of the cases--the 62d and 72d Congresses--only one house had a majority of the other party. Since 1947, there have been split-party arrangements a majority of the time--eight years with a Democratic president and Republican Congress ( 1947-49; 1995-2001), twenty years with a Republican president and a Democratic Congress ( 1955-61, 1969-77, 1987-93), and six years with a Republican president and Senate and a Democratic House ( 1981-87). Three Republican presidents, Richard Nixon in 1969, Ronald Reagan in 1981, and George Bush in 1989, entered office with the Democrats in a majority of one or both houses of Congress. And three Republican presidents--Dwight Eisenhower in 1957, Nixon in 1973, Reagan in 1985--and one Democratic president--Clinton in 1997--reentered office under conditions of split-party control.

A feature that occurs 63 percent of the time may properly be cited as common and therefore worthy of serious attention by students of politics. Unfortunately many observers prefer simply to decry the emergence of divided government as an aberration to be rectified, concentrating their attention on the palliatives. Meanwhile large numbers of American voters continue to split their tickets, sending mixed signals and doubling the checks and balances by separating the politics as well as the powers in Washington and many state capitals.

These developments in the post- World War II period have interested me greatly, and from time to time I have written articles and book chapters that chronicle developments and seek to identify and analyze their importance for the national political system. I should

-vii-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Separate but Equal Branches: Congress and the Presidency
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Acknowledgments v
  • Introduction vii
  • Part I - The Separated System 1
  • 1 - The Constitutional Balance 19
  • 2- Presidential Government and the Separation of Powers 23
  • 3- The Presidency in Contemporary Politics 37
  • Notes 57
  • 4- The Diffusion of Responsibility 59
  • 5- Presidents and Agendas 77
  • Notes 101
  • Part II- Presidents Working with Congresses 103
  • 6- The Pendulum of Power 105
  • 7- Presidential Negotiating Styles with Congress 128
  • 8- Carter and Congress 161
  • 9 - Reagan and Congress 192
  • Notes 217
  • 10- Bush and Congress 220
  • II- Clinton and Congress 247
  • Notes 279
  • Index 285
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 294

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.