Up from the Ashes: The Rise of the Steel Minimill in the United States

By Donald F. Barnett; Robert W. Crandall | Go to book overview

APPENDIX A Tables

Chapters 2, 3, and 4 contain numerous estimates of minimill and integrated producers' costs in the United States and other countries. This appendix provides greater detail for many of these estimates, which were drawn from extensive interviews with numerous steel makers and from proprietary data made available to the authors.

Each table contains costs for each major process in steel making-- coking, smelting (blast furnaces), refining (basic oxygen furnaces and electric furnaces), casting, and rolling. The cumulative costs through each stage are also shown. Given the variance in costs from one plant to another, these estimates should be regarded as representative costs in 1985, not the precise costs of any single mill or plant.

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Up from the Ashes: The Rise of the Steel Minimill in the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Board of Trustees v
  • Foreword vii
  • Contents ix
  • I- Two Distinct Industries 1
  • Summary 16
  • II- The Competitive Position of Minimills 18
  • Summary 35
  • III- The Decline of the Integrated Sector 36
  • Summary 55
  • IV- Changing Technology and the Minimills 56
  • Summary 70
  • V- Future Scrap and Electricity Supplies 71
  • Summary 94
  • VI- Industrial Policy- The Lessons from Steel 96
  • Appendix A- Tables 115
  • Appendix B- A Simulation Exercise- Scrap Availability for Electric Furnaces 126
  • Appendix C- A Model of the U.S. Iron and Steel Scrap Market 129
  • Index 133
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