Neutrality, if defined in a very terse manner, means "to mind one's own business." Theodore N. Vander Lyn. Americal Society of International Law. Proceedings. 1917. p. 144.
What, in effect, is neutrality? It is an attitude of impartiality toward the belligerent states which avoids all consideration of the merits of the dispute and maintains the friendship of the nations at war. Judge Martin T. Manton . New York Times. D 1, '35. Sec. 4. p. 9.
Perhaps we may define neutrality briefly, without offence to practitioners or professors, as the relation of a state which is not a participant in war to other states which are engaged therein. It is a relation, a condition, or a status. Edwin D. Dickinson, Professor of International Law, University of California. American Society of International Law. Proceedings. 1935. p. 46.
The essence of neutrality can be easily defined. It consists in an absolute impartiality. When states A and B are at war, C must behave in precisely the same manner towards each. Whatever privileges C chooses to grant to one belligerent must be granted to the other, whatever restrictions it decides to impose upon the one must be imposed upon the other. H. A. Smith. Contemporary Review. Mr. '33. p. 314.
International law recognizes that, in time of war, nations which want to, have a right to remain aloof from the conflict. When, therefore a state decides not