fruit in the international bitterness which has been accentuated by the depression, are making us realize sharply the danger of a new war. This is forcing us like all the other nations to consider what shall be our future policy in case such a new war looms up on the horizon. The present day revival of the discussion of neutrality arises directly out of the situation which is thus presented.
When the World war broke out in August, 1914, the United States at once fixed its relation to the belligerents thru a proclamation of neutrality. The days of the war, before our entry on the side of the allied powers in April, 1917, were marked with difficulties, both in preventing violations of out neutrality and in securing proper respect for our neutral rights. The rights and duties of neutrals were involved. Great Britain, early in the conflict, declared the North Sea to be a military area, notified neutrals of a directed routing, and gave warning against the planting of mines by the German government. The United States attempted to get the powers to agree to the rules of the Declaration of London of 1909 as regulating neutral rights and commerce during the war. Germany and Austria accepted, but Great Britain insisted on substantial modifications. Later the United States rested its claims on the existing rules of international law, and on treaties with the belligerent powers.
Since the German fleet was not in action, the leading violations of American neutral rights were committed____________________