Present Philosophical Tendencies: A Critical Survey of Naturalism, Idealism, Pragmatism, and Realism Together with a Synopsis of the Philosophy of William James

By Ralph Perry Barton | Go to book overview

CONTENTS
PART I INTRODUCTION
PAGE
CHAPTER I. PHILOSOPHICAL THEORY AND ESTABLISHED BELIEF3
§ 1. Discrepancy between Theory and Belief3
§ 2. Theory and Belief as Forms of Knowledge, Having the Same Fundamental Value4
§ 3. The Difference and Antagonism of Motive in Theory and Belief6
§ 4. The Solidarity of Belief10
§ 5. Galileo and the Inquisition12
§ 6. Descartes's Reconciliation of Theory and Belief16
§ 7. The Natural Conservatism of Belief. Present Tendencies18
§ 8. The Need of Mediation between Theory and Belief20
CHAPTER II. SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS MOTIVES IN PHILOSOPHY24
§ 1. The Difference between Science and Religion, and the Ambiguous Position of Philosophy24
§ 2. The Theoretical Motive in Science25
§ 3. Religion and the Motive of Belief28
§ 4. The Confusion of the Philosophical Motive. The Place of a Purely Theoretical Philosophy29
§ 5. The Subordination of Science to Ethics and Religion in Ancient and Mediæval Thought30
§ 6. The Extension of Science to Religion in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries32
§ 7. The Rupture between Science and Religion, and the Dilemma of Philosophy34
§ 8. The Scientific Philosophy, and the Religious Philosophy36
§ 9. Naturalism and Idealism. The Rise of Pragmatism and Neo-Realism38
PART II NATURALISM
CHAPTER III. THE SCOPE AND METHOD OF SCIENCE45
§ 1. Naturalism and Natural Science45

-ix-

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