The Crescent and the Rising Sun: Indonesian Islam under the Japanese Occupation, 1942-1945

By Harry J. Benda | Go to book overview

NOTES

NOTES TO CHAPTER ONE
1
See F. W. Stutterheim, Cultuurgeschiedenis van Indonesië (Groningen/ Djakarta, 1950), Vol. II, p. 33ff, and H. Kraemer, Agama Islam, 3rd ed., supplemented and edited by C. A.O. van Nieuwenhuijze ( Djakarta, 1952), pp. 107-33.
2
See W. F. Wertheim, Indonesian Society in Transition: A Study of Social Change ( The Hague/ Bandung, 1956), p. 196, and Kraemer, op. cit., p. 278.
3
Kraemer, loc. cit..
4
See B. Schrieke, Indonesian Sociological Studies: Selected Writings ( The Hague/ Bandung, 1955), Vol. I, p. 28.
5
See C. C. Berg, "Geschiedenis en geschiedschrijving van Mataram," Indonesië 8 ( 1955), p. 236, and C. Geertz, The Development of the Javanese Economy: A Socio-Cultural Approach ( Cambridge, Mass., 1956), p. 87, for a detailed discussion.
6
See G. W. J. Drewes, "Indonesia: Mysticism and Activism," in C. E. Von Grunebaum (ed.), Unity and Variety in Muslim Civilization ( Chicago, [ 1955]), pp. 287-88.
7
See C. C. Berg, "Indonesia," in H. A. R. Gibb (ed.), Whither Islam? A Survey of Modern Movements in the Moslem World ( London, 1932), p. 254, and A. M. Brouwer, "De bronnen van Salatiga," Het Gemenebest 9 ( 1949), p. 330.
8
See Kraemer, op. cit., pp. 262-64, and Brouwer, loc. cit..
9
See B. H. M. Vlekke, Nusantara: A History of the East Indian Archipelago ( Cambridge, Mass., 1943), pp. 89-90. For an excellent sociological discussion, see also D. H. Burger, "Structuurveranderingen in de Javaansche samenleving," Indonesië 3 ( 1949/50), p. 8 ff.
10
For two typical Indonesian comments, see Dr. Prijono war-time essay, "Riwajat pendjadjahan Barat dan perlawanan Oemmat Islam," in Beberapa penggalan dari sedjarah perdjoeangan Islam ( Djakarta, 2605 [ 1945]), pp. 73-89, and M. M. Daroesman and M. Djalal, "De Islam in Indonesie," in M. Fordvan Lennep and W. J. Ford (eds.), Indonesiërs spreken ( The Hague, 1947), p. 61. Conversion to Islam may also have held out hopes of receiving military aid from powerful Muslim potentates abroad ( Wertheim, op. cit., p. 197). To mention but one example, in the 1640's Sultan Agung of Mataram endeavored to send an embassy to Mecca. See H. J. de Graaf, Geschiedenis van Indonesië ( The Hague/ Bandung, 1949), p. 157.
11
Cf. R. Hartmann, "Islam und Nationalismus," Abhandlungen der deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin . Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 1945-46,

-205-

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