BOARDS, COMMITTEES, AND VOLUNTEERS
The public relations of welfare agencies bear a remarkable resemblance to those of the public schools. The nature of the welfare and the educational functions of the community makes this a fact. The public schools bring into their halls the vast majority of all children in every community in the country. Local taxes are levied for school purposes, and the county commissioners usually make it clear how much of the total levy is for school purposes, because few people object to paying taxes to maintain the schools. In almost all communities, except those in which the schools are controlled by the township trustee or supervisor, there is a local school board; there is usually a county board of education and a state board of education. State governments now commonly appropriate funds for grants-in-aid to the public schools. A large proportion of schools have parent-teacher associations which are in effect joint advisory committees composed of parents of children attending the school and the teachers of the school.
How does public welfare organization compare with the public school organization? On the side of service received, a smaller proportion of the people in a community receive direct services from a public welfare agency than receive educational services from the school. But direct service by the schools is rarely for any except children, whereas the welfare agency is available for service to any age group which needs the assistance it can give. Financial support for public welfare comes from local taxes and state grants- in-aid, and the county commissioners and the state legislature want the public to understand how much of the total tax levies is for welfare purposes. The legislators can defend a vote for welfare levies, and the public will favor the levies, so long as reasonable efficiency and honesty are apparent in the agency. Welfare boards are almost, if not quite, as common as school boards; some of them