AARON. A Shakespearian character, a Moor responsible for murder, execution and mutilation. He depicts a classic psychopath who lives to do harm:
Even now I curse the day . . .
Wherein I did not some notorious ill.
[ Titus Andronicus, 5.1]
Aaron inspired the first known illustration of a Shakespearian character, a drawing by the Reverend Henry Peacham (c. 1576- 1643). For other psychopaths see IAGO, EDMUND, RICHARD III (q.v.), CALIBAN, LADY MACBETH (see MACBETH, LADY) and GONERIL.
Bibliography: Halliday F.E. 1964. A Shakespeare companion.
ABANO, PIETRO D' (1250-1315). Also known as Petrus Aponensis, an Italian physician, philosopher, and teacher at the University of Padua. Using dogma and syllogisms, he attempted to solve the contradictions between dialectic Arabian medicine and speculative philosophy. He was a follower of Averröes (q.v.) and Avicenna (q.v.) and believed that the soul and the intellect were united during life. This theory became corrupted into a belief in a common soul for all mankind. Opposed to magic practices, Pietro d' Abano advised simple therapeutic measures, which frequently employed cold water. Despite this harmless approach, the literature of his time claimed that his cures were made with the help of the devil. He was persecuted by the Inquisition (q.v.) and died while being tried for the second time on charges of sorcery and necromancy (q.v.). His dead body was condemned to be burned at the stake, but his followers concealed it, and the sentence