FABRE, JEAN HENRI (1823-1915). A French naturalist. He studied the behavior, habits, and social life of insects, emphasizing the differences between their behavior and that of men. His work Souvenirs Entomologiques was published in ten volumes between 1879 and 1904.
Bibliography: Legros G. V. 1921. Fabre, poet of science.
FACTOR SCHOOL. A school of psychology founded in London by Charles E. Spearman (q.v.). It was based on his views of the "abilities of man" and attracted many students from all over the world. Spearman postulated a general factor of mental ability or energy that varied in individuals. In addition there were a number of specific abilities.
Bibliography: Burt C. 1940. The factors of the mind.
FADEYEV, ALEXANDER ALEXANDROVICH (1901-1956). A Russian novelist. His youth was spent in Siberia. He was influenced by Leo Tolstoy (q.v.), and his novels show a particular understanding of psychological situations. He was not always politically acceptable in Russia, and he committed suicide (q.v.) in Moscow when accused of political crimes.
Bibliography: Bodorykin V. G. 1968. Alexander Fadeyev.
FAIRBAIRN, W. RONALD (1889-1964). A British psychoanalyst. He suggested a new approach to ego psychology, maintaining that the theory of impulses needed reformulating on the basis of structural theory. He thought that the theory of internalized objects had followed Sigmund Freud's (q.v.) psychology of impulses without adding anything new to it.
Bibliography: Fairbairn W. R. 1954. An object relation theory of personality.
FAITHFUL BRETHREN OF BASRA. A secret fraternity in Iraq active in the middle of the tenth century. The members of the fraternity were based