FORMULATING AND USING POSTINGS
We set out to teach students a host of academic and SM procedures so they can create changes in their environment. Yet, there is no way to teach how the component behaviors work together through individual example sets as presented in Chapter 9. Another powerful teaching tool is needed. This time it is the posting that outlines the key behaviors or the steps of a procedure so they can be taught as a class, or unit, of behavior. The present chapter provides procedures to formulate and use postings as they relate to classroom activities and their activity-level SM behaviors. With very slight modification, these procedures are used in teaching the SM system strategies presented in Chapters 13 through 19.
A posting is a document in outline form that identifies which academic or SM behaviors are appropriate for an activity. 1 To use them, the students must have some basic reading skills. Usually, by the second grade, postings become appropriate. 2
Postings, as illustrated here, help students follow classroom plans such as those outlined in Chapter 4. In terms of the principles of behavior, postings function similar to example sets: they precede and set the occasion for behavior. They can do this for students or teachers; thus, they are a tool for teaching as well as learning.
Similar to the other tools of teaching, postings do not function in isolation. Reinforcing consequences follow matching behavior (Chapters 5 through 9) and correction consequences (Chapter 11) follow nonmatching