SYSTEM STRATEGIES: HELPING AND SHARING
Students occasionally get stuck on a task or run short of materials. The outcome can be inappropriate behavior. To defuse this possibility, all that may be needed is a little helping and sharing. In this context, helping and sharing represent strategies to maintain appropriate behavior and to avoid inappropriate behavior. This chapter analyzes helping and sharing, and illustrates how to teach them.
Chapter 3 defined helping as working with others so that they can continue their tasks. 1 The helper performs just enough of the task with the others to get or keep it moving forward. In this sense the terms aiding, assisting, and supporting point to the degree of help being provided.
Sharing is defined as letting others use tools or materials so they can start, continue, or end their tasks. Sharing includes three related classes of behavior: reciprocating, lending, and giving. Appropriate sharing occurs when both parties are able to start, continue, or end their tasks. The need for helping and sharing can occur when students are working individually or in various groups.
Helping and sharing are simple strategies with four subclasses, or substrategies, each. The subclasses have four or five component steps that involve the interaction of helper/sharer and helpee/sharee. The basic substrategy and their component steps are as follows. "H/S" means helping or sharing.