Racial Composition of the Demand for Public Housing, 1941
|Source: Federal Works Agency, United States Housing Authority, Research and Statistics Division, Report R&S 15A ( December 6, 1941).|
|Note: The number of applicants is for housing projects in which the pattern of occu-|
pancy by whites and blacks is known. Projects with only Latino tenants and projects
with unknown racial occupancy were excluded.
In summary, under the United States Housing Authority, as under the PWA, public housing tenants were generally segregated by race, with African-Americans, whites, and Latinos usually, and always in the South, being assigned separate housing projects. As with the PWA, a primary goal of the USHA was to facilitate the removal of low-income families and individuals from areas adjacent to central business districts. Since housing projects were to be "designed and constructed for economy," properties in low-income neighborhoods or vacant areas became the most desirable sites of public housing. 40
Racially, tenants were rarely mixed in the same buildings. In the South, in particular, whites were invariably assigned to white housing projects and African-Americans to Negro housing projects. In the North and West, thepat