holds but only 5 percent of the white households admitted in 1944 remained eligible for assistance twelve years later, in 1956. 67
Having examined the qualitatively different portions of public housing in the post-war period, we now merge these measures to obtain the best aggregate measure of racial segregation for the period (see Table 5.18). The values of both estimates are substantially below wartime levels.
The analysis of patterns of racial occupancy and income dispersal of subsidized low-rent housing shows persistent and pervasive racial segregation and income separation in federally subsidized housing during the period 1932-1963. This is reflected in the estimates of the indices of racial and income separation.
In the experimental program of the Housing Division of the PWA, the separation of tenants by race was nearly uniform and complete. Housing projects
Estimates of the Index of Racial Segregation in Low-Rent
Public Housing, 1954-1962
Units in States with|
|Estimates (In) Based on|
|Source: Based on data from HHFA, Intergroup Relations Branch, Trends Toward Open Occupancy in Low-Rent Housing: Progress by the Public Housing Administration ( 1955-1963).|