Segregation in Federally Subsidized Low-Income Housing in the United States

By Modibo Coulibaly; Rodney D. Green et al. | Go to book overview

discrimination. In 1977 values for this index were 0.35 for black tenants and 0.39 for white tenants nationally, and higher in some regions--0.45 for both black and white tenants in the South, for example.

Data from the 1977 survey of PHAs indicate a concentration of racial minorities in family housing projects and of whites in elderly projects. That year, more than 51 percent of all family housing projects had their units occupied predominantly or exclusively by black tenants, and nearly 50 percent of all elderly housing projects had their units occupied predominantly or exclusively by white tenants. Extreme cases include Montgomery, Alabama, where family housing projects were occupied exclusively by black tenants and elderly projects exclusively by white tenants, and Livonia, Michigan, where elderly housing units (the only subsidized housing available in the PHA) were occupied exclusively by whites despite the presence of a substantial eligible black population.

The distinction between the elderly and family housing programs first began in 1956 with the introduction of elderly housing. Although the white population eligible for family housing is numerous and does not appear to be economically better off than the eligible black population, fewer and fewer nonelderly whites are choosing to live in subsidized housing. The long-term implication of this is that racial segregation in federally subsidized housing will likely be an enduring social problem.


NOTES
1.
Code of Federal Regulations, Title 3, 1959-1963 Compilation ( Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1964). Section 801 of the Fair Housing Act of 1968 directs HUD and local housing authorities to "administer the programs and activities relating to housing and urban development in a manner affirmatively to further" antidiscrimination and "fair housing." However, this statute provides practically no enforcement power. According to Congress, "any person who claim to have been injured by a discriminatory housing practice or who believes that he will be irrevocably injured by a discriminatory housing practice that is about to occur . . . may file a complaint with the Secretary. Complaints shall be in writing and shall contain such information and be in such form as the Secretary requires. Upon receipt of such a complaint the Secretary shall furnish a copy of the same to the person or persons who allegedly committed or are about to commit the alleged discriminatory housing practice" Public Law 90-284 ( April 11, 1968) United States Statute at Large 82 ( Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1969): 85-86.
2.
Data from the 1977 survey of PHAs are cataloged in a file called CDBOUT in the HUD's T18 System. Data from the MTCS system were obtained, with the assistance of John Goering, from the Office of Public and Indian Housing, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
3.
The 1977 occupancy data, however, are problematic in many respects. Some variables related to racial occupancy and center-city status are either inadequately coded or lack sufficient documentation. For 846 housing projects the total number of units coded as leased to tenants and employees is actually smaller than the sum of units coded as leased to all racial groups of tenants. In one housing project, for ex-

-119-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Segregation in Federally Subsidized Low-Income Housing in the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Tables vii
  • Preface xi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • Notes 3
  • 2 - Housing, History, and Schools of Thought 5
  • Summary of the Post-Civil Rights Literature 17
  • Notes 18
  • 3 - Development of Low-Income Housing in the United States 23
  • Summary 35
  • Notes 36
  • 4 - Research Procedure 43
  • Summary 58
  • Notes 59
  • 5 - Patterns of Segregation in Low-Income Housing, 1932-1963 63
  • Conclusion About the PWA 69
  • Conclusions About the USHA 80
  • Conclusions About War Housing 86
  • Summary: Patterns of Segregation in the Early Period 92
  • Notes 94
  • 6 - Patterns of Racial Segregation and Economic Isolation, 1964-1992 101
  • Summary 117
  • Notes 119
  • 7 - Trends in Subsidized Housing Segregation 123
  • Summary 129
  • Notes 130
  • 8 - Summary and Conclusion 131
  • Appendix 135
  • Note 137
  • Selected Bibliography 139
  • Index 151
  • ABOUT THE AUTHORS 155
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 158

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.