Winston Churchill, Architect of Peace: A Study of Statesmanship and the Cold War

By Steven James Lambakis | Go to book overview

gesture of peace, but insisted at the same time that peace would have to be compatible with western ideals and security. Churchill hoped that his audience would not distance themselves from the brutal facts he presented, and that they would nobly assume the leadership from Great Britain that he symbolically had handed over to them.


NOTES
1.
This chapter is an interpretation of "'The Sinews of Peace." All quoted material is derived from this speech unless otherwise indicated. The text of the speech can be found in Complete Speeches, pp. 7,285-7,293. All parenthetical comments and underlinings are the author's comments and emphases.
2.
See, for example, James A. Nathan and James K. Oliver, United States Foreign Policy and World Order, 2nd ed. ( Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1981), pp. 56- 58.
3.
B. Ponomaryov, A. Gromyko and V. Khvostov, ed., History of Soviet Foreign Policy: 1945-1970, trans. David Shirvsky ( Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1974), pp. 152-153.
4.
Dean Acheson, Present At The Creation ( New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1969), pp. 150 and 194.
5.
Cited in Gilbert, Never Despair, pp. 204 and 206.
6.
Mr. Warby, Speech of 14 March 1946, Hansard, vol. 420 ( London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1946), c. 1293. According to historian Alan Bullock, Ernest Bevin: Foreign Secretary ( New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1983), p. 226, Warby's motion "made no impression" on either Churchill or Ernest Bevin, the Foreign Secretary at the time.
7.
Speech of 5 June 1946, Hansard, vol. 423, c. 2064-5. Churchill received much abuse for his speech from the opposition parties over the next several years. He was accused of being a "warmonger," tying British interests too tightly to those of the United States, and political opportunism (see Hansard, vol. 423, cc. 2062, 2080, 2083; vol. 446, cc. 561, 590; vol. 459, c. 750). There were members who defended the Prime Minister, such as Major LeggeBourke, who suggested "that if everyone in this country and in the world took the trouble to read that speech again, they would see how very far from the truth is that suggestion [that Churchill was warmongering]" speech of December 10, 1948, Hansard, vol. 459, c. 757.
8.
Perhaps the most cynical interpretation of Churchill's statesmanship was provided by A.J.P. Taylor who, in "The Statesman," Churchill Revised: A Critical Assessment ( New York: The Dial Press, Inc., 1969), p. 57 (in which he was one of five contributing authors), wrote that "[s]ounding the alarm had become a habit with him and, having risen by championing liberty against Hitler, he could not resist repeating the performance against Stalin."
9.
Gilbert, Never Despair, p. 215.
10.
"When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle." From Edmund Burke, "Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents" [ April 23, 17701, Selected Writings and Speeches, Peter J. Stanlis, ed. ( Chicago: Regnery Gateway, 1963), p. 141.

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Winston Churchill, Architect of Peace: A Study of Statesmanship and the Cold War
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Preface xi
  • Note xii
  • Chapter 1 Introduction 1
  • Chapter 2 Some Elements of Churchill's Political Understanding 7
  • Notes 26
  • Chapter 3 the Grand Alliance: Grand Forces, Great Men, and a Grave New World 33
  • Notes 75
  • Chapter 4 Churchill at Fulton: the Precarious Peace 85
  • Notes 104
  • Chapter 5 Churchill's Postwar Statesmanship Part I: Force and International Politics 109
  • Notes 125
  • Chapter 6 Churchill's Postwar Statesmanship Part Ii: Negotiation and Persuasion 131
  • Chapter 7 Conclusion 163
  • Notes 172
  • Bibliography 175
  • Index 181
  • About the Author 187
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