Michael Brenner is professor of international affairs at the University of Pittsburgh. His writings on U.S. foreign policy and European- U.S. relations include articles in Foreign Policy, International Affairs, Politique Etrangère, International Politik, and Survival, as well as a monograph, U.S. Security Policy toward Europe in the 1990s, with Phil Williams, for the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. He is editor of two recent collections based on research projects he directed with European colleagues: NATO and Collective Security ( 1997) and Multilateralism and Western Strategy ( 1995). Professor Brenner is author of Nuclear Energy and Non-Proliferation ( 1981), The Political Economy of International Monetary Reform ( 1976), and The Functionalist Theory of European Integration ( 1970). He has held teaching and research positions at the Brookings Institution, Cornell University, Harvard University, and MIT. He has also served as a consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense and the Foreign Service Institute.