larger system of meaning, formulating and organizing them in new ways according to a few simple procedures. This 'rendering into meaning' is the symbolic process by which human consciousness continually works reality into intelligible forms." ( Schieffelin 1976: 2).
When we consider the past, we often have art forms surviving from the turbulence of past events, and ask ourselves what part they played in their original contexts, and what they can tell us concerning the nature of socio-cultural changes.
Arnheim 1971; Bateson 1967; Dondis 1973; Douglas 1975; Fraser 1974; Forge 1965, 1973; Hatcher 1974; Munn 1973a, 1973b; Turner 1967; Tuzin 1980; Wass and Eicher 1980.