As will be painfully obvious to the initiated, the book which lies before you began life as a doctoral thesis. Although extensively revised and updated, it has been an impossible task to rid the text completely of that lack of sophistication so characteristic of graduate work. Those bits worth salvaging owe their survival largely to the efforts of Andrew Hurrell and Byron Shafer. As my supervisor, Andrew has been a remarkably knowledgeable reader and critic, whose guidance and advice improved my work immeasurably. Byron, despite having no formal responsibility for me, devoted much time and patience to my academic development. If the published book is very different from my submitted thesis I hope neither feels it is for the worse. Latterly, Yuen Foong Khong has also been an influential guide to the mysteries of both international relations and academic publishing and I thank him warmly. All three of these scholars are fellows of Nuffield College, Oxford, where I spent four years as a graduate student. It proved the ideal environment for undertaking research and I am grateful to the wardens, fellows, and staff of the college for all their help and support. I would also like to thank the staff and fellows of Queen's College, Oxford, and my head of department at the School of Oriental and African Studies, Tom Young. Gratitude is also due to all those who gave their valuable time to be interviewed and a full list appears in the Bibliography.
This book would not have been possible were it not for the kindness of many friends and colleagues from both Oxford and London. I would especially like to thank Daniel Attas, Yael Boverman, Bob and Geri Dallek, Christopher Lake, and John Sidel, the latter a latecomer to the project who soon became both a valued friend and fellow-worker. Rebecca Mosley put a great deal more into this than she got out and I am unable to properly express my gratitude. I would also like to thank Dominic Byatt, Sophie Ahmad, Cecilia Garcia Peñalosa, Penny Moyle, John Darwin, Anthony Jarvis, Robert Mason, Caroline Thomas, my sister Mandy Hopgood, and the Hovaguimians: Andre, Veronika, Catherine, and Alexandra, and two anonymous reviewers for