THE 1867 ELECTIONS GO AGAINST THE RADICALS
WHAT during these times was happening in the North? We have seen something of the politicians and the press,--the Evangelical Church was enlisted with them. With the ineptitude sometimes displayed by clergymen when they depart from spiritual leadership to take the direction of things temporal, the churches had lent themselves, albeit with good motives, to an unjust cause. They sent down their missionaries with the carpet-baggers; both taught much the same doctrine.1 "Emissaries of Christ and the radical party," an Alabama Leader called them. They taught the negro to regard the Southern whites as "their natural enemies, who, if possible, would put them back in slavery."2 Other Christian missionaries from the North were said to inculcate the doctrine that "Christ died for negroes and Yankees, not for rebels."3
But these were the politicians and the preachers,--what was engaging the attention of the ordinary citizen? The North was busy making money! The hitherto undreamed of natural resources of the country were being now explored and tapped. It was the beginning of the modern industrial America.
"A stranger in traveling through the loyal states in 1864," wrote Hugh McCulloch, "would have seen little to indicate that they were engaged in a civil war of unexampled magnitude. He would have seen men pursuing their usual avocations with ardor; the farmer and mechanic busily employed; new factories being built; the marts crowded with buyers and sellers; and upon inquiry he would have learned that the foreign and domestic trade, and manufacturing in its various branches had never been so prosperous, and that labor had never been so well rewarded."4
But if this was true throughout the war, how much more true