Facts and Values: Studies in Ethical Analysis

By Charles L. Stevenson | Go to book overview

Index
Admiration, 221-24
Alas, emotive meaning of, 9, 21, 64
Allport, G. W., 196 n.
Ambiguity, of ethical terms and questions, 9-10, 12, 15, 52-54, 224
Analysis, emotive (so-called noncognitive view): summary of, 15-18, 71, 79-80, 186-87, 193-94; function of, 17, 137, 175-76, 184, 191 n., 200, 203; patterns of, 23-31, 48-56, 60-62, 79, 182-85, 204-10, 213, 221-32 (see also Good, Signs); role of cognition in, 28, 60, 99-100, 168-72 (see also Attitudes); criticism of, 60, 64, 79, 117 ff. (see also Black, Moore); defense of, 64-70, 170-72 (see also Emotive meaning, importance in analytical ethics); view of relation between factual reasons and judgment, 66-67, 84-93, 208 (see also Reasons); contrasted with relativism, 80, in identification of issues, 81-82, in relating reasons to judgment, 82-84, in methodology, 84-93, 194; of sign situations, 153 ff. (see Signs); further development of, 194, 201-02, 232; correction to, 210-14 (see also Autobiographical element in emotive analysis). See also Disagreement, Emotive meaning, Language, Personal decision
Analytical ethics: defined, viii-ix, 114; function of, 17, 175-76, 184, 191 n.; criticism of nonemotive views, 60-63, 78 (see also Interest); evolutionary school, 61-62; need for psychological background, 201-02, 232; Oxford school of, 224. See also Analysis, emotive, Naturalism, Nonnaturalism, Relativism
Approval: as attitude, 2, 9, 16, 56, 79-80, 117 n., 206; ethical statements defined in terms of, 11-14, 76, 79, 91, 96, 117-36, 168, 210-14; effect of reasoning (consequences) on, 14, 45, 47, 49-52, 57-58, 66-70, 82-86, 90-93, 95-96, 99-114, 135-36, 170, 196-97, 199-202, 222; as influence, 16-18, 79, 134-35 (see also Emotive meaning, laudatory); feelings associated with, 25, 59, 142-43, 147, 224-25; decision to grant, 56 (see Personal decision); secondary, 59; complexity of, 61-62, 84, 100, 199-202; as attitude-designating, 76, 79-82, 117 n. (see also Introspection). See also Judgments
Arguments, ethical. See Disagreement, Emotive meaning, Personal decision
Aristotle, 139
Attitudes (interest): defined, 1-3, 12 n., 26; judgment as expression of, 2, 9, 80-82; use of empirical method, cognition (reasoning) for reconciling, 6-8, 27-28, 49-54, 56-58, 63, 66-68, 80, 83-85, 90, 95-96, 99-100, 129-30, 134, 164, 168-72, 197-99, 208 (see also Approval, Beliefs); judgment as description of, 9, 16, 65-66, 80, 117 n., 130, 157-60, 167; redirection through approval, judgment, 9 (see Influence); relation to emotive meaning, 21 n. (see Emotive meaning); feelings associated

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