Wealth, Authority, and Prestige in the Ica Valley, Peru

By Eugene A. Hammel | Go to book overview

TRANSPORTATION AND TRADE

THE PRE-CONQUEST PERIOD (to 1533)

Before the conquest most traveling in the valley was on foot. Burdens were usually carried for short distances by men, and notable persons may also have been transported in litters by human bearers; the llama was certainly used as a pack animal in later prehistoric times.18

Specific evidence for trade between Ica and other areas is scarce because of the high degree of artistic similarity between the pottery styles of the valley and neighboring areas in most periods, particularly before A.D. 1000. After that time the styles of the coast diverged sufficiently so that some inferences on inter-valley trade are possible. Ica-like vessels have been found in the Nasca drainage, and some more typical of the Nasca drainage have been found in Ica for the period about A.D. 1300 (Menzel, Ms.; Hammel, Norsworthy, and Rowe, Ms.). Some Chincha-like vessels have been found in Ica for the period about A.D. 1400, and vessels of highland Inca type may precede actual Inca occupation of the valley (Menzel, Ms.). The pottery styles of the Pisco Valley show strong influence from Ica after A.D. 1300; we also know from historical and modern sources that the Indians of Ica used to go to the Pisco Valley to plant food crops during exceptionally severe droughts in their own valley. Thus, while the evidence is not highly specific or conclusive, it does indicate trade and culture contact of limited range between Ica and nearby areas.


THE COLONIAL AND EARLY REPUBLICAN PERIOD (1533-1875)

The beasts of burden and vehicles introduced by the Spaniards had a notable effect on local transportation. Horses were used by members of the upper class for riding and drawing carriages. The donkey, however, was the most popular of the beasts of burden,

____________________
18
Designs of llamas with halters are found on some pottery vessels of the Nasca 2 style, ca. A.D. 250, and extensive deposits of llama bones are known from the period A.D. 1300-1500.

-41-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Wealth, Authority, and Prestige in the Ica Valley, Peru
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Contents 5
  • Preface 7
  • Introduction 9
  • General Description 13
  • Agriculture and Husbandry 19
  • Industry 32
  • Transportation and Trade 41
  • Social Class: the Formal Aspect 47
  • Social Class: Correlates of Formal Position 56
  • Conclusions 88
  • Bibliography 99
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 112

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.