The Government of France

By Jean Blondel; E. Godfrey Drexel Jr. | Go to book overview

The French Constitution*

PREAMBLE
The French people hereby solemnly proclaims its attachment to the Rights of Man and the principles of national sovereignty as defined by the Declaration of 1789, reaffirmed and complemented by the Preamble of the Constitution of 1946.By virtue of these principles and that of the free determination of peoples, the Republic hereby offers to the Overseas Territories that express the desire to adhere to them, new institutions based on the common ideal of liberty, equality and fraternity and conceived with a view to their democratic evolution.
Article 1
The Republic and the peoples of the Overseas Territories who, by an act of free determination, adopt the present Constitution thereby institute a Community.The Community shall be based on the equality and the solidarity of the peoples composing it.
TITLE I: ON SOVEREIGNTY

Article 2
France is a Republic, indivisible, secular, democratic and social. It shall ensure the equality of all citizens before the law, without distinction of origin, race or religion. It shall respect all beliefs.
The national emblem is the tricolor flag, blue, white and red.
The national anthem is the "Marseillaise."
The motto of the Republic is "Liberty, Equality, Fraternity."

Its principle is government of the people, by the people and for the people.


Article 3

National sovereignty belongs to the people, which shall exercise this sovereignty through its representatives and by means of referendums.

No section of the people, nor any individual, may attribute to themselves or himself the exercise thereof.

Suffrage may be direct or indirect under the conditions stipulated by the Constitution. It shall always be universal, equal and secret.

____________________
*
Adopted by referendum on September 28, 1958, promulgated on October 4, 1958, and amended in 1960, 1962, and 1963.

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The Government of France
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • EDITOR'S FOREWORD v
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • I - The French Republican Tradition 1
  • Introduction 1
  • 2 - The Background of the Social Order 11
  • 3 - The Constitution 27
  • 4 - The Executive 41
  • Conclusion 54
  • 5 - The Legislature 56
  • Conclusion 76
  • 6: Political Parties 79
  • 7 - The Administration, the Judiciary, and Local Government 116
  • Conclusion 135
  • 8 - Government, Groups, and Social and Economic Policy 137
  • Conclusion 158
  • 9 - From Union to Community and Beyond 160
  • 10 - Foreign Policy 174
  • II - Problems of the Future 188
  • The French Constitution 194
  • Suggestions for Further Reading 217
  • Index 220
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