The Supreme War Council and the Macedonian Campaign
WHEN the German attacks in France began to decline in strength during the summer of 1918, interest in other thea- ters began to increase perceptibly. Russia certainly at- tracted the greatest attention, but the Allies had other areas in mind as well. France had become closely identified with the campaign against Bulgaria being conducted in Mace- donia, and Britain hoped to enlarge its military effort against Turkey in Palestine and Mesopotamia. Although no one as yet believed that Germany could be brought to terms in 1918, everyone seems to have recognized that Hindenburg could no longer expect to achieve a decision in France. The qualified optimism engendered by these. opinions led the French and the British to contemplate increased efforts against the Central Powers elsewhere than on the Western Front.
Some observers continued to manifest a fear of Ger- man power despite their realization that victory at last seemed almost assured. Colonel House was one of these. Writing to the President late in June, he commented on current needs and speculated on the future:
England, France and Italy need now constant stimula- tion and no one can do it so well as you. If their morale can be kept up to Autumn in my opinion, our fight against Germany will be largely won. I believe Austria is already