Statutory and Constitutional
Provisions Relating to the Purchase,
Ownership, and Use of Firearms
The data included in the table on the following pages were compiled by the National Rifle
Association of America, Institute for Legislative Action and appear in the Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics Online, Table 1.87, . In addition to state
laws, the purchase, sale, and, in certain circumstances, the possession and interstate transportation of firearms are regulated by the Federal Gun Control Act of 1968 as amended by the
Firearms Owners' Protection Act and other federal laws. Also, cities and localities may have
their own firearms ordinances in addition to federal and state laws. A "Y" in the table indicates
the existence of a state law or constitutional provision. However, many qualifications may
apply. The source notes that state firearms laws are subject to frequent change. State and local
statutes and ordinances, as well as local law enforcement authorities, should be consulted for
the full text and meaning of statutory provisions.
A long gun is a rifle or shotgun. The source defines "constitutional provision" by citing
Article 1, Section 15 of the Connecticut State Constitution as an example of the basic feature
contained in the constitutions of many states. It reads: "Every citizen has a right to bear arms
in defense of himself and the State."