the Gegs. Some travelled overseas and brought with them news of different ways of life than their own. The Tosks provided most of the leadership of the Albanian Communist party as well as the backbone of the membership. They are, of course, all Albanians. About 98 percent of the population belongs to the Albanian ethnicity.
Gewehr W. M., and Scheill F. A History of the Balkans Peninsula. New York, 1933; Pano N. C. The People's Republic of Albania. Baltimore, 1968; -----, "Albania," in J. Held, ed. The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. New York, 1992.
|1944||November. Communist government was installed in Tirana.|
|1946||January. The newly "elected" communist parliament, whose single-list can-|
didates received 95 percent of the votes cast, declared Albania a People's
|1950||May. Rigged elections resulted in 98.18 percent of the votes cast for candi-|
dates of the Albanian Communist party. The Politburo banned all religious
teachings and institutions, and imprisoned most clergymen.
|1951||January-December. The Stalinization of Albania was completed. All indus-|
trial enterprises, banks, and other businesses were nationalized without com-
pensation. The collectivization of land was being undertaken. The Albanian
Workers party (AWP) was in control of all political, social, and economic
processes in the nation. The first secretary of the AWP, Enver Hoxha, was the
most powerful man in the country. Koci Xoxhe, his rival, and an agent of the
Yugoslav Communist party, was purged.
|1952||January-December. Soviet technicians and engineers began to build a naval|
base for Soviet submarines and supply ships in Albania's ports on the Adri-
|1955||December. Albania was admitted to membership in the United Nations.|
|1961||July. After severe rifts, originating from Albania's refusal to play its assigned|
role in the Soviet Bloc, all Soviet technicians were withdrawn from the coun-
try. Hoxha openly denounced Khrushchev, and the Soviet Union withdrew its
diplomatic representatives from Tirana. It also began to dismantle its naval
|1962||January. A treaty of friendship and cooperation was signed between Albania|
and communist China. It was followed by the arrival of Chinese technicians
and economic and military aid. China contributed heavily to the development
of Albania's mining industry.
|1966||February. The cultural revolution began.|
|1968||September. In response to the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, Al-|
bania withdrew from the alliance, the first among East European socialist
states to do so. When the Brezhnev doctrine was proclaimed in Warsaw in