was president of People's Youth, the Albanian version of the Soviet KOMSOMOL. After her husband committed suicide in 1947, Belishova was dismissed from her post and was sent to the city of Berat as a schoolteacher. She was rehabilitated after the purge of the Titoists. Belishova was elected to membership in the Central Committee and the Politburo of the Albanian Communist party, and in 1954, she was named secretary to the party's secretariat.
Skendi Stavro. Albania ( New York, 1956).
Chinese-Albanian Relations. In October 1954, China and Albania, the largest and the smallest countries ruled by Communist parties, signed an agreement for cultural, scientific, and technical cooperation. By then, Albanian leaders, especially Enver Hoxha (see Hoxha, Enver), began to look upon the Soviet Union as a threat to their own road to socialism. In December, China presented a gift of $2.5 million worth of commodities and a loan of $12.5 million for the years from 1955 to 1960.
In 1956, after the denunciation of Joseph Stalin by Nikita Khrushchev at the Twentieth Party Congress, Hoxha and his designated heir, Mehemet Shehu (see Shehu, Mehemet), attended the Eighth Congress of the Chinese Communist party and exchanged views with the Chinese leaders. On December 29, 1956, the Chinese published a long list, analyzing communist bloc relations and they sided with Albania against Yugoslavia. They also indirectly rebuffed Khrushchev by praising Stalin's achievements in building socialism in the Soviet Union.
Albanian-Chinese ties were strengthened in 1958 after the criticism of Josip Broz Tito was renewed. Albanian attacks on Tito and Titoism, the most vehement in all the socialist countries, were spurred on by Albania's renewed fears of Yugoslav expansionism and the increasing restiveness of the Albanian population of Kosovo.
China and Albania agreed upon the coordination of their agrarian policies and the global strategy to be followed by communist countries outside the Soviet Bloc. By 1960, China and Albania were in complete agreement on most policy issues. When the Sino-Soviet arguments became public, Albania joined the Chinese side. When Khrushchev called a communist summit meeting in the Romanian capital, Bucharest, with the ostensible purpose of reading China out of the socialist camp, Albania refused to attend.
On February 2, 1961, an Albanian delegation concluded an agreement with the Chinese for economic cooperation. China was to underwrite the construction of twenty-five Albanian industrial enterprises. China announced on April 25, 1961, that it was giving $125 million in aid for Albania for the 1961 to 1965 five-year-plan period. Altogether, China provided about $5 billion in aid to its Albanian ally between 1961 and 1971. The aid included the construction of industrial firms, food shipments, military hardware, and the salary of technical advisers. Blueprints for construction, material for building port facilities, and all-around economic support were also provide. In turn, Albania gave ideological and diplomatic support to China in its strug-