Prifti Peter R. Socialist Albania Since 1944: Domestic and Foreign Development ( Cambridge, MA, 1978).
Legality Organization in Albania. Established in the fall of 1943 by the Geg leader, Abas Kupi, this movement which resisted the fascist armies, was also dedicated to the return of the monarchy to Albania. Its membership came mainly from among the northern Gegs. The organization was contending for power with the Balli Kombetar and the communist in 1944. Kupi himself was an influential Geg leader, and a member of the Executive Committee of the National Liberation Front, until the communist began their attacks on the Balli Kombetar, another nationalist organization, in 1943. Kupi then decided to quit the front and establish his own organization for the return of King Zog to Albania. But his ragtag army was quickly destroyed by the communists after the Germans withdrew from the Balkans. By then, Italy had already surrendered to the Allies, and 15,000 Italian soldiers gave up their arms and other equipment to the communists.
Prifti Peter R. Socialist Albania Since 1944: Domestic and Foreign Developments ( Cambridge, MA, 1978).
Maleshova, Sejfulla (1917-1947). Maleshova was a charter member of the Albanian Communist party and a member of the Politburo. In 1945, Maleshova was appointed minister of culture and propaganda. He was the party's ideological watchdog and, at the same time, a poet of the guerrilla war against the Italian and German armies of occupation. In October 1945, Maleshova was instrumental in establishing the League of Albanian Writers which consisted of seventy-four members at that time. These included some noncommunist intellectuals. Maleshova was elected first president of the organization.
He was a moderate among the rabidly extremist Albanian communist leaders. He invited publications in the official journal of the league by both communist and non- communist writers. He decreed that high quality writings be published with only moderate regard for their ideological content. He attempted to establish a modus vivendi between the ideologically committed intellectuals and those who were not so inclined. Consequently, Maleshova received increasingly vehement criticism from high party officials Enver Hoxha (see Hoxha, Enver) was especially suspicious of his moderation, and he attacked Maleshova over a wide range of issues. When the League of Albanian Writers appealed to President Harry Truman and Prime Minister Clement Attlee for Western recognition of the Albanian state, Maleshova was roundly denounced in Communist party circles.
At a meeting of the party's Central Committee held in February 1946, Maleshova was accused by Hoxha of rightist deviation and expelled from the party. He was also removed from the Politburo. Following Maleshova's dismissal, a wave of terror was