to Hungary in 1945. After 1945, she opposed the merger of her party with that of the communists. When the merger was nevertheless accomplished, Kethly was Rested by the secret police, put through a show trial, and she was given a long prison term.
In 1954, she was released. During the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 (see Revolution of 1956), Kethly was instrumental in reestablishing the Hungarian Social Democratic party as a separate entity from the communists. She was appointed minister of state by Imre Nagy (see Nagy, Imre), the revolution's prime minister. When the revolution was suppressed by the Soviet army, Kethly sought refuge in the West. She was instrumental 'in establishing the Imre Nagy Institute in Brussels, Belgium, which issued studies on Hungary and the revolution. In 1957, Kethly was elected chairman of the Hungarian Revolutionary Council in exile in Strasbourg, France.
Aczel Tamas, and Meray Tibor, The Revolt of the Mind ( London, 196 1); Kovrig Bennett, Communism in Hungary from Kun to Kadar ( Stanford, CA, 1979).
Kopacsi, Sandor (1915-). Kopacsi, the son of a worker in the Diosgyor factory of ironworks, became involved with the labor movement early in his life and was a member of the anti-Nazi resistance who actually fought against the Germans. After 1945, he joined the Communist party and became a policeman. Rapidly rising in rank, he was brought to Budapest in the early 1950s and became a police administrator. In 1954, he was appointed police chief of the capital city, Budapest.
During the Revolution of 1956 (see Revolution of 1956), Kopacsi gradually became convinced of the validity of the cause for which the revolutionaries were willing to risk their lives, namely the independence of Hungary. When the Imre Nagy (see Nagy, Imre) government was formed, Kopacsi was appointed, jointly with General Bela Kiraly, to head the newly formed national guard. When the Revolution was suppressed by Soviet forces, Kopacsi was arrested and imprisoned. He became a defendant in the Imre Nagy trial in 1958. He was found guilty of conspiracy for the destruction of the communist regime, falsely, of course, and sentenced to life imprisonment. In 1963, he was freed by the general amnesty. In 1966, he was permitted to emigrate to Canada, where his daughter had received asylum after 1956. He worked as a janitor in a Canadian factory. After the collapse of the communist system in Hungary, he returned to Budapest and he is currently living in retirement.
Donath Ferenc, Reform and Revolution. (In Hungarian) ( Budapest, 1980); Molnar Miklos, Budapest 1956: A History of the Hungarian Revolution ( London, 1971).
Kosary, Domokos (1913-). A well-known historian, Kosary was the director of the Historical Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences until 1949. He was ousted in that year in favor of the communist Erik Molnar. Kosary was sent to work as a librarian at the Agrarian Sciences University in Godollo. Kosary participated in the revolution (see Revolution of 1956) and, as a consequence, he was tried and sen-