tenced to five years in jail. He was freed in 1960 and worked as an archivist in Budapest. In 1963, Kosary became a member of the Historical Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, now under the direction of another communist apparatchik, Zsigmond Pal Pach. In 1990, Kosary was elected president of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
Kosary Domokos, Hungarians in Europe: Reconstruction and Bourgeois Development, 1711-1867 (In Hungarian) ( Budapest, 1990); --, Bibliography of Hungarian History ( Budapest, 1943), 3 vols.
Kovacs, Bela (1908-1959). One of the outstanding leaders of the Smallholders party and the Peasant Alliance in Hungary, Kovacs was appointed first secretary of the Smallholders party in 1945. He was an outspoken critic of the Hungarian communists, especially of Matyas Rakosi (see Rakosi, Matyas). In 1947, in spite of his parliamentary immunity, Kovacs was arrested by members of the Soviet secret police in the Hungarian parliament building and was deported to a Soviet concentration camp. He was permitted to return to Hungary in 1956, before the outbreak of the revolution. However, by then, Kovacs was seriously ill. He was appointed minister of state in the revolutionary Imre Nagy (see Nagy, Imre) government. When the revolution was suppressed, Kovacs was in a hospital, and was, therefore, left alone by the Kadar regime.
Aczel Tamas, and Meray Tibor, The Revolt of the Mind. ( London, 1961); Fejto Francois, Behind the Rape of Hungary ( New York, 1957); Nagy Ferenc, The Struggle Behind the Iron Curtain ( New York, 1948).
Kovacs, Imre (1913-1980). Peasant origin, Kovacs was an outspoken critic of the interwar Hungarian governments. He was a populist, a writer who explored the conditions of the Hungarian countryside. He was also a student at Peter Pazmany University in Budapest, favored by Count Pal Teleki, former prime minister and chair holder in geography at the university. He was instrumental in the establishment of the March Front in 1937, and for the formation of the National Peasant party in 1939.
After 1945, Kovacs worked in the National Peasant party's organization and was better noted for his articles demanding the expulsion of ethnic Germans from Hungary. He deplored the increasing subjection of the Peasant party to communist domination, and he eventually broke his relations with Ferenc Erdei (see Erdei, Ferenc) who favored close collaboration with the communists. In 1947, Kovacs left Hungary. At first, he worked for Radio Free Europe, later he retired and lived in New York until his death.
Nagy Ferenc, The Struggle Behind the Iron Curtain ( New York, 1948).