Soviet government obtained his freedom on condition that he would emigrate to the Soviet Union. In 1945, Vas returned to Hungary as a member of the highest level of the party's leadership. He was appointed secretary of public supplies, then he became the mayor of the capital city, Budapest. He was then appointed head secretary of the Economic Council of State, and finally, he became the head of the State Planning Office.
In 1951, however, Vas was expelled from the Communist party and became a victim of the purges. In 1955, he joined Imre Nagy's (see Nagy, Imre) circle and became a close friend of the communist politician. In 1956, Vas was deported to Romania together with the Imre Nagy group. When he was permitted to return, he was not indicted and was permitted to live as a private citizen. He never again participated in politics. Toward the end of his life, he was busy writing his autobiography which was not permitted to be published for years. Only after the collapse of communism could his widow finally publish his work.
Fejto François, The History of the People's Democracies Paris-( London, 1971); Vas Zoltan, Sixteen Years in Prison ( Budapest, 1953) (in Hungarian); -----, My Forbidden Book ( Budapest, 1990) (in Hungarian).
Veres, Peter (1897-1970). Veres, born into a very poor peasant family, starved more often than not. He was a self-educated man. He wrote about the life of the peasants, and early in his life he became involved with politics in the Smallholders party. He became a member of the group of populist writers (see Populist Movement in Hungary) who considered him a genuine peasant intellectual (most of the others were at least two generations removed from peasant life).
In 1945, Veres became a member of the leadership of the National Peasant party and, together with Ferenc Erdei (see Erdei, Ferenc), favored close cooperation with the communists. In 1946, he was appointed minister of agriculture, and, in 1947, he became minister of defense. He was also a parliamentary deputy.
He was considered by most people to be a strange man. Many of his colleagues regarded him as a buffoon. He appeared in parliament and in the ministry in traditional peasant dress, in a black suit with high boots, and no necktie. He was a willing tool of Matyas Rakosi (see Rakosi, Matyas), not because he was evil, but because he had little inkling of politics.
In the early 1950s, he was slowly eased out of office. Between 1954 and 1956, he was president of the Writers' Union. As such, he supported the rebellious young writers and demanded the appointment of Imre Nagy (see Nagy, Imre) to the premiership. He was a member of the reorganized National Peasant party during the revolution (see Revolution of 1956). With the establishment of the Kadar regime, Peter Veres retired from politics. He died in obscurity in 1970.