On August 30, the committee reached an agreement with a government delegation led by Deputy Premier Barcikowski. On the same day, Jagielski initialed an agreement with Walesa. The following day, the party's Politburo approved both agreements, and Walesa signed the famous text to be known afterward as the Agreement of Gdansk.
Andrews Nicholas G., Poland 1980-1981: Solidarity Versus the Party ( Washington, DC, 1985); Barker Colin, Festival of the Oppressed: Solidarity, Reform and Revolution in Poland, 1980-1981 ( London, 1986); Misztal Bronislaw, Poland after Solidarity: Social Movements Versus the State ( New Brunswick, NJ, 1985).
Jaroszewicz, Piotr (1909-1993). Jaroszewicz was a primary school teacher before World War II. He joined the underground Communist party, and when the war broke out, he fled to the Soviet Union. In 1943, he joined the Koszciuszko Brigade, a Soviet-organized Polish contingent fighting the Germans. Jaroszewicz became a political officer. He was a deputy commander of the 2nd Infantry Division, responsible for political education. He soon became deputy commander of the 1st Polish army for political education.
From 1945 on, Jaroszewicz rose steadily in the party's ranks. First, he was appointed deputy director of the main office of the Polish armed forces, dealing with political education. In 1946, he was promoted to the rank of general. Simultaneously, he was appointed quartermaster of the Polish army, and deputy minister of national defense. Between 1950 and 1952, Jaroszewicz became the deputy chairman of the state planning commission. In 1952, he also became deputy prime minister to Jozef Babiuch. In 1957, he was promoted to the post of vice chairman of the council of ministers, heading the committee on the economy. In 1958, he became permanent Polish representative to the COMECON and, in 1970, he was appointed prime minister. In 1980, however, Jaroszewicz was ousted. In 1993, he and his wife were found murdered in their home.
Polonsky Antony, and Druiker Boleslaw, The Beginning of Communist Rule in Poland ( London, 1980).
Jaruzelski, Wojciech (1923- ). Jaruzelski has been a military officer most of his life. He fought against the Germans in World War II and survived the war. He joined the Polish communist party in 1944 and, in 1956, rose to the rank of general. In 1960, he became the armed forces' representative in the Central Committee of the Polish United Workers party. He was, thus, a political general. At one point in his career, he was appointed to membership in the military command of the Warsaw Pact forces. He was a fully convinced Marxist-Leninist, and, accordingly, the Soviet leaders completely trusted the Polish general.
On December 13, 1981, Jaruzelski took over the government of a Poland torn by