June 1982, she refused to vote for the retroactive confirmation of martial law. Her membership in the Democratic party was then suspended, and she resigned from parliament in 1984.
In 1989, Suchocka was the choice of Solidarity for membership in the group participating in the Roundtable discussions (see Roundtable talks in Poland) with the government. When the citizen's parliamentary caucus disbanded, she joined the new Democratic Union and, in the October 1991 free elections, she ran on the union's list for parliament. She was elected deputy and served as chairman of the parliament's committee on legislation. She has been an ardent supporter of antiabortion legislation, but she has opposed the criminalization of abortions. She has also supported the inclusion of "Christian values" in the new curricula of the schools; however, she opposed religious indoctrination as a means of education.
On July 6 1992 a new coalition of various streams of the Solidarity movement was formed in parliament, and it elected Suchocka Prime Minister of Poland. She was the first woman to head any Polish government and was only the second woman to do so in Europe, after Margaret Thatcher. Suchocka was ousted from the government after the elections of 1993.
Vinton Louisa, "Poland's Government Crisis: An End is in Sight?" Radio Free Europe Research Report 1.30 ( July 24, 1992), pp. 15-25.
Walentynowicz, Anna (1930- ). Walentynowicz, a shipyard worker, a crane operator in Gdansk, was dismissed by the factory manager in August 1980 for union activities. Her dismissal brought on the famous strike that led to the creation of the Solidarity Trade Union (see Solidarity Trade Union of Poland). She had been a member of the Trade Union of the Baltic Coast between 1978 and 1980. When the strike began at the Gdansk shipyard, Walentynowicz and Lech Walesa (see Walesa, Lech) were its leaders. When martial law was declared in December 1981, she was arrested with the other Solidarity leaders. After the collapse of the communist regime, Walentynowicz consistently argued for more democracy in politics and opposed Walesa's presidency.
Andrews Nicholas G., Poland 1980-1981: Solidarity Versus the Party ( Washington, DC, 1985).
Walesa, Lech (1943- ). Walesa was born during World War II, while his father was in a German labor camp, from which he never came out alive. The young Walesa was apprenticed to become an electrician and was employed by the Lenin shipyards at Gdansk. In 1970, when he was twenty-seven years old, he participated in the riots that ended with the shooting death of over fifty workers by the hands of the Polish People's Army. This left such an impression on him that, from then on, Walesa became a dissident among the workers.
In April 1978, Walesa was among the group of people who announced the forma-