Ionescu Ghita, Communism in Romania, 1944-1962 ( New York, 1964).
Manescu, Manea (1924-). Manescu, the brother-in-law of Nicolae Ceausescu (see Ceausescu, Nicolae and Elena), was, in the 1980s, a deputy prime minister of Romania. He was a member of the "committee of three" on December 16, 1989, entrusted by Ceausescu to deal with the uprising in the city of Timisoara (see Timisoara Revolt), during the visit of the leader to Teheran, Iran. The other members of the committee were Elena Ceausescu and Emil Bobu (see Bobu, Emil). Most likely, it was Elena Ceausescu who gave the order to the police to fire on the demonstrators, but Manescu certainly shared in that decision.
Together with Bobu, Manescu fled with the Ceausescus in a helicopter from the roof of the Communist Party's Central Committee building on December 22, 1989, escaping from the crowd surging into the building on the first day of the revolution. Manescu took the ride to Snagov, where he and Bobu were left behind. It was reported by the helicopter pilot that Manescu knelt and kissed the hand of Ceausescu before parting from him. This was the perfect expression of the nature of the relationship that Ceausescu's collaborators had with their leader. Manescu returned to Bucharest where he was arrested and tried for his crimes in late January 1990. He is currently serving a life sentence in prison.
Almond Mark, The Rise and Fall of Nicolae and Elena Ceausescu ( London, 1992); Behr Edward , Kiss the Hand You Cannot Bite ( New York, 1991); Galloway George, Downfall: The Ceausescus and the Romanian Revolution ( London, 1991).
Maurer, Ion Gheorghe (1910-). Maurer who was born to a Transylvanian Saxon family, received a university education. Since the mid-1930s, he had been a close personal friend of Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej (see Gheorghiu-Dej, Gheorghe) and a member of the Romanian Communist party. In 1944, he organized the release of Gheorghiu-Dej from prison, earning further credits with the party leader. During the early 1950s, Maurer filled various cabinet posts. However, during the ascendancy of the Muscovites, Maurer was frequently criticized. In 1956, he was once again included in the highest party leadership, and he became active in the Romanian diplomatic service. In 1957, Maurer was appointed minister of foreign affairs. Upon the death of Petru Groza (see Groza, Petru) a year later, Maurer became president of the republic. He was also included in the Central Committee of the Communist party. In June 1960, he became a voting member of the Politburo. A year later he was prime minister, replacing the purged Chivu Stoica. His post of president was assumed by Gheorghiu-Dej.
In the 1960s, Maurer accompanied Gheorghiu-Dej to India and Indonesia on state visits. In 1964, he led a Romanian delegation to Beijing. The aim of the delegation