was to attempt to mediate in the dispute between China and the Soviet Union. As such, the mission was a failure.
Back in Bucharest, a meeting of the Central Committee of the party listened to the report of the delegation. The outcome of the meeting was a declaration, later referred to as the "Romanian Declaration of Independence" (see "Declaration of Independence"), a lengthy document of 16,000 words. It reaffirmed the faith of the party leaders in the communist movement, and it condemned Western capitalism. It declared Romania's support for the so-called national liberation movements, and its adherence to the concept of peaceful coexistence. (The contradiction between these two aims escaped the Romanian communists.) The most important part of the declaration discussed the nature of relations among Communist parties. It also described Romania's problems with COMECON.
Maurer had an important role to play when, upon the death of Gheorghiu-Dej, a successor was selected. He agreed with Bodnaras (see Bodnaras, Emil), that Nicolae Ceausescu (see Ceausescu, Nicolae and Elena) should be the chosen one, at least until the next meeting of the Central Committee. It is possible that he believed that the older members of the party leadership would be able to manipulate the young Ceausescu. During Ceausescu's years, Maurer had been an influential advisor. During the later 1960s, he supported Ceausescu's stand against the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, and in the 1970s, he advised Ceausescu on foreign relations. Eventually, however, he fell out of favor. Even then, he was appointed honorary chairman of the International Law and International Relations Association and survived the overthrow of the Ceausescu regime.
Behr Edward, Kiss the Hand You Cannot Bite ( New York, 1991); Floyd Davis, Romania; Russia's Dissident Ally ( New York, 1965).
Milea, Vasile (?-1989). As the chief military officer of the Ceausescu (see Ceausescu, Nicolae and Elena) regime in the late 1980s, he was ordered by Elena Ceausescu (left behind by her husband to manage affairs during his state visit to Iran on December 17, 1989) to order the army to fire on demonstrators in Timisoara (see Tunisoara Revolt). The minister submitted to the raving tyrant but refused to issue the order. The secret police, not under his direction, did the firing. They killed 40 people and wounded many others.
For disobeying the order, Ceausescu reprimanded the minister in the vilest language. By the morning of December 22, Milea was dead. The circumstances of his death remain unclear to this day. It was announced that he committed suicide; some people claim, however, that he was murdered on orders of Ceausescu. His death, however, did not benefit the dictator. It simply convinced the senior commanders of the armed forces, including the chief of the secret police, General Iulian Vlad, that the Ceausescus had lost touch with reality and that they would have to be disposed of, which is exactly what happened.