troops were withdrawn from North Korea and the Soviet leaders wanted to demonstrate that they were no worse than the Chinese comrades. This provided the Romaman communist leaders with an opportunity to initiate a quasi-independent foreign policy. However, they were extremely cautious not to offend the Soviet Union. Romania remained a member of the Warsaw Pact throughout its communist era, but Romanian troops did not participate in joint military exercises. Nor did the Romanian government permit Warsaw Pact forces to exercise on Romanian soil. In August 1968, Romania simply refused to join in the Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia. President Nicolae Ceausescu (see Ceausescu, Nicolae and Elena), in fact, roundly condemned the invasion as an act of aggression. The Romanian leaders also rejected the Brezhnev doctrine as simply a means of intervention in the internal affairs of allied countries. However, when the Polish and Hungarian peoples ousted their communist governments, Ceausescu attempted to have Mikhail Gorbachev intervene in these two countries. The Warsaw Pact's military section was disbanded in 1990. The political section survived until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Alexiev Alex, Party-Military Relation in Eastern Europe: The Case of Romania ( Los Angeles, CA, 1979).