General Information. Area: 255,804 square kilometers (98,766 square miles). Population: 20,000,000 (in 1976). Major cities: Belgrade ( Beograde), the capital; Zagreb, capital of the Croatian Republic; Skopje; Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia- Herzegovina; Ljubljana, capital of Slovenia; Novi Sad, Rijeka, Subotica. Literacy: 80.3 percent (10 years or older) (in 1976). Borders; Austria and Hungary on the north and northwest, Romania and Bulgaria in the east, Greece in the south and Albania in the southwest; the Adriatic sea on the west was Yugoslavia's border. Distribution of work force: 22.4 percent in industry, 7.1 percent in trade and handicrafts, 50.6 percent in agriculture and forestry, 5.9 percent in education and cultural activities, 6.2 percent with private incomes, and 7.8 percent other. Religious denominations: Orthodox Christians, 41.2 percent; Roman Catholics, 31.3 percent; Protestants 0.93 percent; Moslems, 12.31 percent; other Christians 0.4 percent; Jews, 0.01 percent; Nonbelievers, 12.45 percent; unknown, 1.4 percent. Ethnicity: Serbs, 41.7 percent; Croats, 23.5 percent; Slovenes, 8.8 percent; Macedonians, 5.3 percent; Montenegrines, 2.7 percent; Moslem Slavs, 5.9 percent; Albanians, 4.5 percent; Hungarians, 3 percent; Turks, 1.5 percent; others, 3.1 percent.
Byrnes Robert F., Yugoslavia ( New York, 1957); Djordjevic Dimitrije, "The Yugoslav Experiment," in Joseph Held, ed. The Columbia History of Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century ( New York, 1992), pp. 305-344; Radulovic Milan, Tito's Republic (Wrotham, England, 1951); Vucinich Wayne, ed. Contemporary Yugoslavia ( Berkeley, CA, 1969).
|1944||September. Josip Broz Tito's partisan army, in cooperation with contingents|
of the Soviet armed forces, liberated Belgrade. Tito became the undisputed
ruler of Yugoslavia.
December. The Yugoslav army entered Trieste and immediately ran into a
conflict with the Western occupying forces. Joseph Stalin refused to support
Tito's claim to Trieste and he was forced to retreat.
|1945||February. Yugoslav gunners shot down three American airplanes, followed|
by protests by the U.S. government.