Anti-Fascist Council for National Liberation. In November 1943, this Council was formed to unify Yugoslav resistance to the German occupiers. It was dominated by the communists. Wherever the Partisan army established control, the council was called on to establish local government, also communist controlled.
In 1944, the council proclaimed itself the supreme legislative body of Yugoslavia, and it announced the establishment of a federal state of Yugoslavia. It also proclaimed itself the provisional government of the country and announced that King Peter II had been deposed. It prohibited the former king to return to Yugoslavia. At the end of the year, the council elected a national committee and transferred to it the power to govern the country.
Avakumovic Ivan, History of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia ( Aberdeen, England, 1964); Denich Bogdan D., The Legitimization of a Revolution: The Yugoslav Case ( New Haven, CN, 1976).
Bakaric, Vladimir (1912-). Bakaric was born into a middle-class family; his father was a judge. He attended Zagreb University and received a degree of doctor of law. In 1933, Bakaric, while still in a secondary school, joined the underground Communist party. During his university days, he was president of the Law Students Association. In 1934, Bakaric was arrested and sent to prison for three years. After his release in 1937, he began practicing law and continued his illegal activities. Bakaric joined Tito's (see Tito, Josip Broz) partisan army in 1941, and he was named secretary to the Antifascist People's Liberation Council for Croatia.
In 1944, he was appointed minister without portfolio in the federal government and deputy minister for foreign affairs. In 1945, he was prime minister for the federal republic of Croatia. In the same year, he was a member of the Constituent Assembly of Yugoslavia and also of Croatia. The following year, Bakaric was a member of the Yugoslav delegation at the Paris peace conference. Tito's supporter in the Soviet- Yugoslav dispute, he led a delegation to Moscow after Nikita Khrushchev tried to patch up the relationship in 1955. In time, Bakaric filled important government and party posts in Croatia and the federal government, and he was considered an influential advisor to Tito on agricultural matters. It is possible that he was responsible in 1952 for stopping the drive to collectivize the land.
Byrnes Robert F., ed. Yugoslavia ( New York, 1957).
Bosnia-Herzegovina.Population: 4,365,000. Area: 51,129 square kilometers (31,960 square miles). Capital city. Sarajevo (475,000 people). Major ethnic groups: Muslim Slavs 43.7 percent; Serbs 31.4 percent; Croatians 17.3 percent; others 7.6 percent. Major religions: Orthodox Christian, Muslim, Roman Catholic. President. Alia Izetbegovic.
The medieval state of Bosnia, which included present-day Bosnia-Herzegovina,