gees and resulted in tremendous destruction of property. About half a million people were forced out of their homes. More than 10,000 were killed and 15,000 wounded. The Serbs succeeded in linking up all Serb populated areas with their brethren in Greater Serbia. Croatia lost about half of its original territory. The cities of Vukovar and Dubrovnik were practically destroyed. In turn, the former Yugoslavia's economy simply collapsed. Serb and Croatian foreign trade, Croatian tourism, and Slovene commerce ground to a halt. The conflict was soon expanded to include Bosnia- Herzegovina.
In the meantime, Macedonia also declared its independence. The conflict could grow even wider, if the Serbs attempt "ethnic cleansing," that is, genocide in Kosovo, and if Macedonia is attacked. This would certainly bring Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, and Albania into war with Serbia.
Gow James, "Military-Political Affiliations in the Yugoslav Conflict," Radio Free Europe Research Report, 1. 20 ( May 15, 1992), pp. 16-25; Hayden Robert M., "The Partition of Bosnia-Herzegovina, 1990-1993," Radio Free Europe Research Report, 2. 22 ( May 28, 1993), pp. 1-18; Moore Patrick, "Yugoslav Ethnic Tension Erupts into Civil War," Radio Free Europe Research Report, 2. 1 ( January 3, 1993), pp. 68-73.
Colakovic, Radoljub (1900-?) . Colakovic was born into a well-to-do family and attended secondary school in Sarajevo. He also attended the University of Belgrade, but never completed his studies. In 1919, Colakovic was among the first members of the Communist party of Yugoslavia. In 1922, he was arrested for subversion and sentenced to fifteen years in prison. He was released in 1932 and went to France and then to the Soviet Union. In 1936, he was sent to Spain to fight in the civil war and returned to Yugoslavia in 1939.
In 1941, he immediately joined the partisan forces and organized the resistance in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Between 1942 and 1945, he was a member of the supreme headquarters of the Partisan Army of Liberation and secretary of the presidium of the Antifascist Council of National Liberation. Between March 1945 and February 1946, Colakovic was prime minister of the government of the republic of Bosnia- Herzegovina and a member of the presidium of the Constituent Assembly. He headed the Federal Board of Science and Culture and the ministry of education. From 1945 to 1948, he was the president of the Yugoslav Society for Cultural Collaboration with the Soviet Union. In 1947, Colakovic was a member of the Yugoslav delegation sent to the Paris peace conference and was one of the three Yugoslav signatories of the Italian peace treaty. In 1953, he became one of the four vice presidents of the federal government and was also appointed chairman of the committee for cultural relations with foreign countries. He was a member of the Central Committee of the League of Yugoslav Communists and a member of the presidium of the Socialist Alliance of the Working People of Yugoslavia, a communist front organization. In 1955, Colakovic was entrusted with creating a reform proposal for the Yugoslav educational system.