invited Tito to establish a mission in Bari, Italy. Dedijer was appointed chief of this mission. In 1945, he was elected to the Constituent Assembly. He was also appointed director of the information and propaganda department of the federal government and editor-in-chief of the Communist party's official newspaper, Borba. In 1952, he became a member of the Central Committee of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia (the new name for the Communist party). However, in 1954, Dedijer sided with Milovan Djilas (see Djilas, Milovan) in the latter's efforts to expose the bureaucratization of the Communist party. He was dismissed from all his public functions and relegated to obscurity. Before his dismissal, Dedijer was the official biographer of Tito; his works have been translated into many languages, and they are still the fundamental works on the Yugoslav leader.
Armstrong Hamilton F., Tito and Goliath ( New York, 1951); Dedijer Vladimir, Tito ( New York, 1953); -----, With Tito Through the War: A Partisan Diary ( London, 1951); Vucinich Wayne , ed., Contemporary Yugoslavia ( Berkeley, CA, 1969).
Demography in Yugoslavia . Some of the most troubling problems of interwar in Yugoslavia concerned the large ethnic groups, some minorities, others entire nations, that were included in the new state at its inception in 1918. Some of these nations, such as the Croatians and the Slovenes, joined Yugoslavia on their own account. Other ethnic groups, such as the Albanians, Hungarians, Germans, and others, were included in the new state with a total disregard for the principles of national self-determination. In the case of Hungarians and Albanians, the conationals of these ethnic groups lived in their own states just across the Yugoslav borders. Their inclusion in the south Slavic state was justified on strategic grounds, or on the simple ground of brutal force.
World War II "solved" this problem to some extent. First, the Jews of Yugoslavia were exterminated by the German Nazis. Then came the turn of half a million Germans; some of them left Yugoslavia with the retreating German army, others were massacred by Tito's partisans. Croatians had their own fascist movement, the Ustashi, and they did their own killing of Serbs and Montenegrines. Then came the Partisan army, which massacred the Ustashi and large numbers of Hungarian civilians. Yugoslav losses came to about 1.7 million people in World War II, including civilians and military men. The largest part of these losses were the result of a brutal civil war fought by the communists against their opponents alongside the war of liberation. By 1944, the population of the country had been reduced to about 15 million people. After the war, however, the birthrate suddenly increased and, by 1953, the losses had largely been replaced.
By the mid- 1950s, large-scale industrialization and the effects of forced collectivization of agriculture drove people into the cities. Zagreb and Belgrade attracted the largest number of people. By 1955, Belgrade added some 400,000 new inhabitants. However, there continued to exist some troubling problems. Croats numbered about