Pijade, Mosha ( 1889-?). Pijade was born in Belgrade and attended Belgrade University. The he went to Munich and Paris where he studied art. In 1911, he returned to Belgrade, and changed his career from that of a fine artist to a journalist. He was one of the founders of the trade union of journalists, the Serbian Journalists' Association. In 1919, Pijade published the journal, Slobodna Rec (The Free Word). In 1920, when he joined the Communist party, he was the oldest member of the organization. After the suppression of the party, he was editor of the Organizovani Radnik (Organized Worker) and spent his energy in spreading Marxism-Leninism among trade union members. The paper was banned soon after its first issue was published. In 1925, Pijade was arrested for illegal activities and sentenced to twenty years in prison. While in Sremska Mitrovica prison, he and Radoljub Colakovic (see Colakovic, Radoljub) translated Karl Marx Das Kapital into the Serbo-Croatian language. Pijade was released in 1939. Just before the beginning of World War II, Pijade was once again under arrest. When the Germans attacked Yugoslavia, he was freed and immediately joined Tito (see Tito, Josip Broz). He was sent to Montenegro where he collaborated with Milovan Djilas (see Djilas, Milovan) in organizing the resistance in the summer of 1941. He was exceptionally cruel toward people who were not willing to join the Partisan army.
Soon Pijade was recalled to Tito's headquarters where he was appointed chief of the administrative section. In 1943, he was appointed vice president of the People's Liberation Council. In 1945, he was named vice president of the Constitutional Assembly and later of the federal parliament. When Djilas was dismissed in 1954, Pijade took his place as president of the federal parliament. He was a member of the Politburo, and together with Alexandar-Marko Rankovic (see Rankovic, Alexandar- Marko) and Edvard Kardelj (see Kardelj, Edvard), Pijade was one of the closest collaborators of Tito. He was also named a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences.
Burg Steven L., Conflict and Cohesion in Socialist Yugoslavia: Political Decision-Making Since 1966 ( Princeton, NJ, 1983); Byrnes Robert F., Yugoslavia ( New York, 1957); Gellner Ernest , "The Dramatis Personae of History," East European Politics and Societies 4. 1 ( 1990), pp. 116-133.
Popovic, Koca, General ( 1908-?). The son of a famous Serbian family, he was related to Milentije Popovic and Vladimir Popovic, both prominent intellectuals and politicians. Popovic, a poet, studied at the University of Belgrade and attended the University of Paris as a graduate student. In 1933, Popovic joined the Communist party, and three years later, he joined the International Brigade in the Spanish civil war. When he returned to Yugoslavia, he was arrested. He was not imprisoned for long, because his family interceded for him, and he was soon released. In 1941, Popovic joined Tito's Partisan army and was appointed to various command posts. In 1942, he was the commander of the first Partisan brigade, and a year later, he com-