Todorovic, Mijalko (1913-?). Todorovic, born a Serb, joined the Communist party in 1938, after its reorganization by Tito (see Tito, Josip Broz). In 1941, he organized several partisan groups in Serbia, and in 1943, he was elected a member of the People's Liberation Council. In 1945, he became a deputy in the Constituent Assembly, and he also served as a deputy in the federal parliament. In the early 1950s, Todorovic was minister of agriculture in the Serbian People's Republic and chairman of the agricultural commission of the federal parliament. A strong supporter of forced collectivization between 1949 and 1952, he headed a Yugoslav delegation to study Soviet agriculture in 1955. He was a member of the federal government and held various posts usually related to agriculture until his retirement.
Byrnes Robert F., Yugoslavia ( New York, 1957); Hoffman George W., and Neal F. Warner, Yugoslavia and the New Communism ( New York, 1962).
Trieste Conflict. Trieste, an ancient city with excellent port facilities, situated on the shores of the Adriatic sea, is a natural outlet for the commerce of the Balkans and Eastern Europe. The port was developed during the nineteenth century by the Habsburg empire, which was in control of the northern Adriatic region at that time. The city has been coveted for a long time by Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. The Yugoslav communists inherited this longing.
At a meeting of the provisional government of Yugoslavia, held at Jajca in November 1943, Tito (see Tito, Josip Broz) announced that he planned to annex the city of Trieste and its environment to Yugoslavia because it was allegedly populated mostly by Slovenes. There was little comment on this announcement at the time by the Western Allies, who considered that the issue would be settled after the war by the coming peace conference. But the Yugoslav communists did not wait; they wanted to settle the matter themselves without negotiations.
In April 1945, the Partisan army fought its way into the city against heavy German and Italian opposition, where it met the New Zealanders who were moving north in the Poe river valley. The relations between these two forces quickly deteriorated. Tito considered the Western troops the defenders of Italian interests, and he declared that Trieste was an inalienable part of Yugoslavia. The Western Allies objected and demanded the withdrawal of Yugoslav troops from the city. Joseph Stalin was unwilling to support Tito in this matter because he did not consider Trieste worthy of a rift between the Soviet Union and the Western Allies at that point in time.
The issue became a matter of prestige for Tito whose troops were overconfident after their participation in the defeat of Germany. Without Soviet support, however, Tito was unable to face the united opposition of the Western Allies. Eventually, the Yugoslav army was withdrawn from Trieste, but Tito's government never repudiated its claim to the city.
Banac Ivo, The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics ( Ithaca, NY,