guages, and was a best seller in the United States and Great Britain. Around the characters of this novel he has written a tetralogy (including Education before Verdun, Young Woman of 1914, and The Crowning of a King) which ranks among the finest writing resulting from the war. Zweig was deprived of German citizenship in 1933, went into exile, and has since lived in Haifa, Palestine. Although he is Jewish, Nazi denunciations of Zweig have dwelt more upon his opposition to militarism than they have upon his race.
from Education before Verdun by ARNOLD ZWEIG, translated by Eric Sutton
THE EARTH lay like a rusty vessel topped by a tin sky, from which rain had been falling for a month.
About October 20 four A.S.C. men were trudging wearily up from Moirey station. They and Knappe, the senior corporal, had been engaged in the tedious task of loading powder charges into a goods truck, and now their work was done. All were aching for a cigarette or a pipe, but in vain. Their pay was not due until the afternoon of the next day but one, when each man received his ration of tobacco for the next ten days. Until then they helped each other out as best they could. Bertin, for instance, promised each of the others one of his remaining three cigarettes; he could not smoke cigarettes as the paper irritated his sensitive throat. Shivering and depressed, the four men tramped along the highroad back to the artillery park. The road was covered with a thick layer of whitish slime, which stuck to their boots and made heavy going. The men wore tarpaulins wrapped round their shoulders like short hooded cloaks, and were thus pretty well protected from without; but they had a day's work in Fosses wood behind them and the stiff canvas was already soaked. And the drill jackets they wore underneath were already wet; only their tunics were still dry, and if it grew colder, there was yet another protective layer they could assume--their overcoats. Four very diverse men had volunteered to help the corporal: Lebede, the wily innkeeper, had hoped to wangle some tobacco from the railway men; Przygulla, the farmhand, be-