founded Nie wieder Krieg (No More War), an anti-war organization. At the same time he became editor of the democratic daily Berliner Volkszeitung and the weekly Montag Morgen. In 1927 he became editor of Germany's foremost liberal weekly, the Weltbühne, and, for the first time, had a completely free medium for the expression of his views. He earned the hatred of reactionaries of every shade as well as a reputation as Germany's most outspoken editor. Publication of an exposure of the secret war preparations of the Reichswehr eventually led to his arrest on charges of 'espionage.' He was convicted in a closed session of the Reich Supreme Court on 23 November 1931 and sentenced to 18 months in prison. He had an opportunity to leave Germany but decided to remain, serve his sentence, and continue the struggle. On 10 May 1932, over the protests of Germany's leading intellectuals, he was taken to Tegel prison, near Berlin. He was released under the Christmas 1932 amnesty of political prisoners. Again ignoring the advice of friends to get out of Germany before it was too late, Ossietsky wrote and spoke against Hitler until he was arrested by Storm Troops on the night of the Reichstag Fire. In concentration camps at Sonnenburg and Papenburg he suffered indescribable tortures. At one time Propaganda Minister Goebbels offered to free Ossietsky in return for a public declaration of faith in the Nazi regime. The editor refused and the tortures went on. In 1936 Ossietsky was deservedly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. The award focused world attention on the case, and he was transferred, near death from mistreatment, to a hospital in Berlin. Hitler was so enraged by the episode that all German citizens were forbidden by law to accept future Nobel awards. Ossietsky died 4 May 1938. The article which follows was written in Tegel prison and published by the Weltbühne in July 1932.
by CARL VON OSSIETSKY
ONE OF THOSE MATTERS which the republican Left rarely mentions any more is anti-Semitism. Newspapers are content to recognize its