ary recognition in their own right. Two of his sons are in the U. S. Army, and Erika is in the Middle East as an American war correspondent.
by THOMAS MANN, translated by H. T. Lowe-Porter
Philosophical Faculty of the Friedrich-Wilhelm University Bonn-am-Rhein
Bonn, December 19, 1936
To HERR THOMAS MANN, WRITER: By the request of the Rector of the University of Bonn I must inform you that as a consequence of your loss of citizenship the Philosophical Faculty finds itself obliged to strike your name off its roll of honorary doctors. Your right to use this title is cancelled in accordance with Article viii of the regulations concerning the conferring of degrees.
TO THE DEAN OF THE PHILOSOPHICAL FACULTY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF BONN:
I have received the melancholy communication which you addressed to me on the nineteenth of December. Permit me to reply to it as follows:
The German universities share a heavy responsibility for all the present distresses which they called down upon their heads when they tragically misunderstood their historic hour and allowed their soil to nourish the ruthless forces which have devastated Germany morally, politically, and economically. This responsibility of theirs long ago destroyed my pleasure in my academic honor and prevented me from making any use of it whatever. Moreover, I hold today an honorary degree of Doctor of Letters conferred upon me more recently by Harvard University. I cannot refrain from explaining to you the grounds upon which it was conferred. My diploma contains a sentence which, translated from the Latin, runs