American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1

By Daniel F. Littlefield Jr.; James W. Parins | Go to book overview

to Kentucky in 1852. Engelhardt joined the Friars Minor at Teutopolis, Illinois, and adopted the name Zephyrin. He studied philosophy at St. Francis Solanus College, Quincy, Illinois, and theology at St. Anthony's Friary at St. Louis before being ordained on June 18, 1878. Between 1880 and 1885, he was an active missionary among the Ojibwa people in Michigan and the Menominee in Wisconsin and later among the Pomo in Mendocino County, California. In 1890, he was appointed head of the Ottawa Indian Boarding School at Harbor Springs, Michigan. The institution, called Holy Childhood of Jesus Indian Mission School by the Franciscans, was opened at the village on Little Traverse Bay at the upper end of Lake Michigan in 1886, and was run with the aid of the Sisters of Notre Dame. Soon after his arrival, Engelhardt brought in a hand-operated press, taught some of the students to set type and operate the press, and began to issue pamphlets, historical works, religious materials, and Anishinabe Enamiad. In 1900, Englehardt was assigned to California. 1

During the next decade the editorship changed twice more. The Reverend Norbert Wilhelm, O.F.M., succeeded Father Engelhardt as superior of the school and parish. He was succeeded in 1902 by the Reverend Ubaldus Otto, O.F.M., who was succeeded in 1906 by the Reverend Damasus Erkens, O.F.M. These editors continued the basic format and content established by Father Engelhardt.

Anishinabe Enamiad carried local news and correspondence but also news and letters from as far away as Odanah, Wisconsin, Sault Ste. Marie, and various places in Ontario. Parish and diocesan news was prominently featured. Obituaries and other announcements were printed, along with calendars listing the days of the week in the Ojibwa language.

The religious content was the publication's most important reason for being. Biblical stories--David and Goliath, Jonah and the whale, Absolom and Joab-- were told as were biographies of saints and other famous Catholics--SaintFelix, Jacques Marquette, Pius X. Hymns and religious verse were rendered into the native language. Some reprinted inspirational prose and verse appeared from such publications as the Catholic Herald.

A limited amount of world and national news was published-- John D. Rockefeller was mentioned from time to time as was the Russo-Japanese War--but some news of contemporary Indian affairs did appear. The February, 1910, issue, for example, carried a piece on federal policy toward the Indian schools, another on Catholic Indian Bureau news, and an editorial on how the Chippewa people were being unfairly treated in Minnesota. Other issues discussed. the reallotment of lands in Odanah, Wisconsin, editorialized against the whiskey trade, and reported on congressional legislation affecting Indian people.

The December, 1912, issue was the last. An article announced that subscriptions had dwindled until the Anishinabe Enamiad had only an estimated two hundred paid up. That was not enough to support the monthly. Paid subscribers would receive the Franciscan Herald instead.


Note
1.
Engelhardt headed the Banning school briefly, and then he was assigned to the Santa

-20-

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American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924 - Vol. 1
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction xi
  • Conclusion xxxi
  • GUIDE TO INFORMATION SOURCES IN THE ENTRIES xxxiii
  • A 3
  • Note 4
  • Note 5
  • Note 6
  • Note 9
  • Notes 18
  • Note 20
  • Note 23
  • Notes 27
  • Notes 30
  • Notes 32
  • Notes 34
  • Note 37
  • B 39
  • Notes 40
  • Notes 42
  • Note 43
  • C 47
  • Notes 49
  • Note 51
  • Note 55
  • Notes 58
  • Notes 73
  • Notes 79
  • Notes 81
  • Note 82
  • Notes 84
  • Notes 91
  • Notes 94
  • Notes 97
  • Note 98
  • Notes 102
  • Notes 103
  • Notes 104
  • Notes 107
  • Note 109
  • Note 111
  • Notes 116
  • Notes 120
  • D 123
  • Notes 124
  • Notes 125
  • Notes 127
  • Notes 131
  • E 133
  • Notes 134
  • F 137
  • Notes 138
  • G 141
  • Notes 141
  • H 143
  • Note 143
  • Notes 147
  • I 151
  • Notes 162
  • Note 167
  • Notes 168
  • Note 170
  • Notes 171
  • Note 172
  • Note 173
  • Notes 176
  • Note 180
  • Note 185
  • Notes 189
  • Notes 195
  • Notes 200
  • Notes 204
  • Note 209
  • Notes 213
  • Notes 216
  • Note 219
  • Notes 220
  • Notes 224
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 231
  • Note 234
  • Notes 241
  • Notes 245
  • L 247
  • M 249
  • Note 250
  • Note 251
  • Note 255
  • Note 256
  • Note 259
  • Note 260
  • Note 263
  • Notes 264
  • Notes 266
  • N 267
  • Notes 269
  • Notes 270
  • Note 273
  • Notes 277
  • O 279
  • Note 289
  • Notes 292
  • Notes 295
  • P 297
  • Notes 300
  • Notes 301
  • Notes 303
  • Q 305
  • Note 306
  • Note 307
  • R 309
  • Note 312
  • Notes 316
  • Notes 320
  • Notes 325
  • S 327
  • Note 328
  • Notes 329
  • Notes 330
  • Notes 332
  • Note 334
  • Note 335
  • Notes 337
  • Notes 338
  • Note 340
  • Note 343
  • Notes 346
  • Notes 347
  • Note 349
  • Notes 352
  • T 355
  • Notes 356
  • Note 361
  • Note 363
  • Notes 369
  • V 371
  • Notes 372
  • Notes 375
  • Note 377
  • W 379
  • Notes 380
  • Notes 382
  • Notes 384
  • Note 386
  • Notes 389
  • Notes 394
  • Notes 398
  • Notes 399
  • Note 402
  • Note 406
  • Notes 407
  • Y 409
  • SUPPLEMENTAL LIST OF TITLES 411
  • APPENDIX A LIST OF TITLES BY CHRONOLOGY 425
  • APPENDIX B LIST OF TITLES BY LOCATION 431
  • APPENDIX C LIST OF TITLES BY TRIBAL AFFILIATION OR EMPHASIS 439
  • Index 447
  • About the Authors 483
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