to Kentucky in 1852. Engelhardt joined the Friars Minor at Teutopolis, Illinois, and adopted the name Zephyrin. He studied philosophy at St. Francis Solanus College, Quincy, Illinois, and theology at St. Anthony's Friary at St. Louis before being ordained on June 18, 1878. Between 1880 and 1885, he was an active missionary among the Ojibwa people in Michigan and the Menominee in Wisconsin and later among the Pomo in Mendocino County, California. In 1890, he was appointed head of the Ottawa Indian Boarding School at Harbor Springs, Michigan. The institution, called Holy Childhood of Jesus Indian Mission School by the Franciscans, was opened at the village on Little Traverse Bay at the upper end of Lake Michigan in 1886, and was run with the aid of the Sisters of Notre Dame. Soon after his arrival, Engelhardt brought in a hand-operated press, taught some of the students to set type and operate the press, and began to issue pamphlets, historical works, religious materials, and Anishinabe Enamiad. In 1900, Englehardt was assigned to California. 1
During the next decade the editorship changed twice more. The Reverend Norbert Wilhelm, O.F.M., succeeded Father Engelhardt as superior of the school and parish. He was succeeded in 1902 by the Reverend Ubaldus Otto, O.F.M., who was succeeded in 1906 by the Reverend Damasus Erkens, O.F.M. These editors continued the basic format and content established by Father Engelhardt.
Anishinabe Enamiad carried local news and correspondence but also news and letters from as far away as Odanah, Wisconsin, Sault Ste. Marie, and various places in Ontario. Parish and diocesan news was prominently featured. Obituaries and other announcements were printed, along with calendars listing the days of the week in the Ojibwa language.
The religious content was the publication's most important reason for being. Biblical stories--David and Goliath, Jonah and the whale, Absolom and Joab-- were told as were biographies of saints and other famous Catholics--SaintFelix, Jacques Marquette, Pius X. Hymns and religious verse were rendered into the native language. Some reprinted inspirational prose and verse appeared from such publications as the Catholic Herald.
A limited amount of world and national news was published-- John D. Rockefeller was mentioned from time to time as was the Russo-Japanese War--but some news of contemporary Indian affairs did appear. The February, 1910, issue, for example, carried a piece on federal policy toward the Indian schools, another on Catholic Indian Bureau news, and an editorial on how the Chippewa people were being unfairly treated in Minnesota. Other issues discussed. the reallotment of lands in Odanah, Wisconsin, editorialized against the whiskey trade, and reported on congressional legislation affecting Indian people.
The December, 1912, issue was the last. An article announced that subscriptions had dwindled until the Anishinabe Enamiad had only an estimated two hundred paid up. That was not enough to support the monthly. Paid subscribers would receive the Franciscan Herald instead.